Test 3 Criminology - (Chapters 7, 8, 9, 10, Conclusion)...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
(Chapters 7, 8, 9, 10, Conclusion) Chapter 7: Germany: Archetypal Corporatism 1. Federal Republic of Germany a. Made of 16 l nder ӓ i. like states with more powers and autonomy b. Bundestang (Federal Parliament) that makes the criminal law for Germany i. Both substantive and procedural ii. Some laws are binding in all states 1. However there are still significant differences between states (like in the USA and Australia) c. Model for Conservative Corporatism in Europe i. Bismark (1880s) laid the foundations for a welfare state that would ()at the end of the twentieth century) account for 1/3 of the nation’s budget and allow for a 70% of last income pension ii. Benefits are not universal and are l inked to income throughout a person’s life iii. East Germany had a much more equal system during its time as a separate communist country (1945-1990) until the West German system took over in 1990 2. Corporatist Welfare State a. Despite flip flopping control between the two main political parties throughout the 20 th century the CWS enjoyed popular support b. Cutbacks i. Occurred following the signing of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993 and the 1990 reunification of the nation 1. These two acts in led to record unemployment (11% in 2003) 2. Kohl (the leader during all that) was replaced but the trend had begun and the CWS has begun degrading
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ii. Schroder (new Chancellor) is current pushing through an unpopular series of cutbacks called Agenda 2010 1. These are drastic for German culture but still very generous compared to other countries (particularly the neoliberal ones like the USA and UK) 3. Imprisonment Rates a. German continues to Support Cavadino and Dignan’s theory that the type of government corresponds to the imprisonment rate i. Neo-Liberal (highest, England, Australia, USA, New Zealand) ii. Conservative Corporatist (France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands) iii. Social Democracies (lowest, Scandinavian countries) 4. German Penal Code of 1871 a. Predated the creation of the corporate state b. Laid down a retributive principle that sentences should line of with the guilt of the offender (punishment should fit the crime) i. This has been significantly modified as rehabilitation has become a large part of the German system since 1960 c. Section 46, amended in 1975 says that while the crime should be taken into consideration one must also take into account the effect the punishment will have on the rest of the offender’s life (rehabilitation + incapacitation = punishment) d. Rehabilitation (resocialization) is particularly well suited to the corporatist or communitarian mentality 5. Punativeness a. High in the 1960s i. While this goes against their theory about the type of government deter mining the imprisonment rate they think it might be because the rate was high before the CWS was established and simply remained so b. Sudden drop from 1969-1971 i. Brought about by legislative reforms designed to fettered the discretion of the judges to impose imprisonment and gave them alternatives to consider c. Rise from 1971- 1983
Background image of page 2
i. Largely due to an increase in lengths of the longer sentences, particularly for drug
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 10

Test 3 Criminology - (Chapters 7, 8, 9, 10, Conclusion)...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online