Chapter 2 notes - 1 a i Hypothesis(1 , ii Prediction(1...

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1) Chapter 2-Hypothesis and predictions a) Hypotheses and predictions i) Hypothesis (1) A type of idea or question that is testable, generally the basis of an experiment ii) Prediction (1) An idea concerning the outcome of an experiment, generally following a  hypothesis b) Sources of Ideas i) Common sense (1) A knowledge base that is generally regarded as true, but is not given as fact (a) It is valuable to test such claims because they are not always true, and it is  valuable to know which common sense ideas are reliable ii) Observation of the world around us (1) Ideas for research topics often spring out of observations in real world situations iii) Theories (1) A theory consists of systematic body of ideas about a particular topic or  phenomenon (2) Theories generate new knowledge by focusing our thinking so we notice new  aspects of behavior iv) Past research
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