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Unformatted text preview: 11-3-10
*pcriticisms of Marx
*Murachik-uses Welsh communes as examples of failed socialism experiments
*not really good evidence against Marxist thought
*Marx said that industry exacerbates the gap between the “haves” and the “have-nots” and that the revolution of the
underclass over the higher class is inevitable
*Marx and Engels claimed that their thoughts were a science and predictive
*not based on any evidence
*collective ownership economy-failures
*Marx and Engels dismissed self-interest as simply a result of an alienating capitalistic system that emphasizes
*wrong! Humans are always self-interested
*division of communism that Marx and Engels promoted had no checks and balances
*no way to limit pursuits in self-interest, because they didn't even recognize that people have self-interest
/*the pursuit of ideological purity resulted in things like the KGB who were supposed to make sure everyone
thought the same thing, and schools that attempted to indoctrinate children
*Berlin*the concept of historical inevitability gives people an excuse to not stand up against the powers and change
*inevitability of human history undermines human freedom-too deterministic
human nature*freedom/liberty and practical needs
*interact and create a tension
*humans are social animals, and we meet our needs socially, but needs/choices/desires are individual
*how do we achieve a balance between these two forces?
*Marx ignores the fact that our desires are individual, but is all about our practical needs ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course PHIL Philosophy taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Oglethorpe.
- Spring '11