11-3-10 - 11-3-10 *pcriticisms of Marx *Murachik-uses Welsh...

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Unformatted text preview: 11-3-10 *pcriticisms of Marx *Murachik-uses Welsh communes as examples of failed socialism experiments *not really good evidence against Marxist thought *Marx said that industry exacerbates the gap between the “haves” and the “have-nots” and that the revolution of the underclass over the higher class is inevitable *Marx and Engels claimed that their thoughts were a science and predictive *not based on any evidence *collective ownership economy-failures *Marx and Engels dismissed self-interest as simply a result of an alienating capitalistic system that emphasizes private property *wrong! Humans are always self-interested *division of communism that Marx and Engels promoted had no checks and balances *no way to limit pursuits in self-interest, because they didn't even recognize that people have self-interest /*the pursuit of ideological purity resulted in things like the KGB who were supposed to make sure everyone thought the same thing, and schools that attempted to indoctrinate children *Berlin*the concept of historical inevitability gives people an excuse to not stand up against the powers and change anything *inevitability of human history undermines human freedom-too deterministic human nature*freedom/liberty and practical needs *interact and create a tension *humans are social animals, and we meet our needs socially, but needs/choices/desires are individual *how do we achieve a balance between these two forces? *Marx ignores the fact that our desires are individual, but is all about our practical needs ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course PHIL Philosophy taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Oglethorpe.

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