11-8-10 - 11-8-10 *Darwin-morality can evolve *starts with...

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Unformatted text preview: 11-8-10 *Darwin-morality can evolve *starts with social instincts *animals live in packs and protect each other*animals do selfless things: making warning cries alert the predator to their presence *interspecies mutualism-birds live on rhinos, pick the bugs off of it *how do we proceed from social instincts to morality? *we have the social instinct *we always encounter the social instinct, because we live with other creatures, but the purely self-regarding actions are more fleeting (eating, etc.) *when we have higher reason, we can think and reflect on our actions *we have the capacity for language-when we can express and share things, it creates social pressure and perspective -creates another level of sociality where behavior is more of a public matter *language also gives us the ability to teach and learn *even if we can talk about morality, in reality, people are more likely to act in a socially positive manner toward people who are more like you or can benefit you-it still boils down to self-concern *social instincts benefit reproduction-this is how morality evolves *how does the instinct of reproduction and natural reproduction, a naturally selfish instinct, induce people to cooperate? *kin selection-kin relations share your gene- if you help out your family members, because they share your gene, you're actually helping your own genes to be passed on *mutual altruism-if you get known as a person who won't share, when you're desperate, people won't share with you. So, people tend to share with each other ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course PHIL Philosophy taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Oglethorpe.

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