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Unformatted text preview: 11-8-10
*Darwin-morality can evolve
*starts with social instincts
*animals live in packs and protect each other*animals do selfless things: making warning cries alert the predator to their presence
*interspecies mutualism-birds live on rhinos, pick the bugs off of it
*how do we proceed from social instincts to morality?
*we have the social instinct
*we always encounter the social instinct, because we live with other creatures, but the purely self-regarding actions
are more fleeting (eating, etc.)
*when we have higher reason, we can think and reflect on our actions
*we have the capacity for language-when we can express and share things, it creates social pressure and perspective
-creates another level of sociality where behavior is more of a public matter
*language also gives us the ability to teach and learn
*even if we can talk about morality, in reality, people are more likely to act in a socially positive manner toward
people who are more like you or can benefit you-it still boils down to self-concern
*social instincts benefit reproduction-this is how morality evolves
*how does the instinct of reproduction and natural reproduction, a naturally selfish instinct, induce people to
*kin selection-kin relations share your gene- if you help out your family members, because they share your gene,
you're actually helping your own genes to be passed on
*mutual altruism-if you get known as a person who won't share, when you're desperate, people won't share with you.
So, people tend to share with each other ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course PHIL Philosophy taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Oglethorpe.
- Spring '11