chapter 8 - Chapter 8 – Foundations of Individual and...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 8 – Foundations of Individual and Group Behavior Chapter Eight: Foundations of Individual and Group Behavior True/False 1. Job satisfaction is the degree to which an individual feels positively or negatively about various aspects of a job such as pay, tasks, supervision, coworkers, the work setting, and advancement opportunities. (True; Easy; p. 263) 2. Henry is usually outgoing, friendly, talkative, and enjoys establishing new relationships. One of his personality traits is extraversion. (True; Easy; p. 268) 3. According to the five factor model of personality, self-control and locus of control are the same trait. (False; Easy; p. 268) 4. Of the three components of attitudes, cognition is not influenced by individual perceptions. (False; Moderate; pp. 263-264) 5. An individual experiences cognitive dissonance when there is conflict or inconsistencies among two or more of his or her attitudes. (False; Moderate; p. 264) 6. When Marvin tells his boss, “I am going to quit this company and look for another job, unless I get a raise,” he is expressing the affective component of his attitude toward his work. (False; Moderate; p. 264) 7. Three elements of an attitude attribution are consensus, consistency, and dissonance. (False; Moderate; p. 276: Ex. 8-6) 8. Machiavellianism describes the degree to which people are poised, calm, resilient, and secure. (False; Moderate; p. 270) 9. The thinking-feeling dimension of the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) reflects an individual's preference for evaluating information in an analytical manner or on the basis of values and beliefs. (False; Moderate; p. 267) 10. Internal–external locus of control is not a dimension of personality used by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). (True; Easy; p. 267) 11. Organizational commitment is the extent to which an employee identifies with his or her job, actively participates in it, and considers his or her performance important to his or her feelings of self-esteem. (False; Challenging; p. 264) 211 Part IV - Leading 12. Research studies have shown that people seek consistency and try to reduce dissonance between their attitudes and their emotions. (False; Moderate; p. 264) 13. Rosetta believes that if she puts in extra effort at work, she will receive the bonus that she deserves. Rosetta has an internal locus of control. (True; Easy; pp. 269-270) 14. People who are high on Machiavellianism tend to be less rational and very emotional. (False; Moderate; p. 270) 15. Self control is the degree to which a person believes that he or she is a worthwhile and deserving individual. (False; Moderate; p. 270) 16. James tells his brother, “I hate any class in Liberal Arts, and I can’t wait to take more courses in business.” James is expressing the affective component of his attitude toward his classes. (True; Moderate; p. 264) 17. The intentional component of an attitude reflects feelings and emotions an individual has toward something....
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2011 for the course MANAGEMENT 1201 taught by Professor Asl during the Spring '11 term at UCLA.

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chapter 8 - Chapter 8 – Foundations of Individual and...

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