ESMAP MALAW.pdf - Malawi Rural Energy and Institutional Development Dean Girdis Mangesh Hoskote Energy Sector Management Assistance Program ESMAP

ESMAP MALAW.pdf - Malawi Rural Energy and Institutional...

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Malawi: Rural Energy and Institutional Development Dean Girdis Mangesh Hoskote Energy Sector Management Assistance Program ESMAP
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Copyright © 2005 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433, U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing April 2005 ESMAP Reports are published to communicate the results of ESMAP’s work to the development community. The typescript of the paper has not been prepared in accordance with the procedures appropriate to formal documents. Some sources cited in this paper may be informal documents that are not readily available. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the author(s) and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, or its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility whatsoever for any consequence of their use. The Boundaries, colors, denominations, other information shown on any map in this volume do not imply on the part of the World Bank Group any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Papers in the ESMAP Technical Series are discussion documents, not final project reports. They are subject to the same copyrights as other ESMAP publications. The material in this publication is copyrighted. Requests for permission to reproduce portions of it should be sent to the ESMAP Manager at the address shown in the copyright notice above. ESMAP encourages dissemination of its work and will normally give permission promptly and, when the reproduction is for noncommercial purposes, without asking a fee.
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i Table of Contents Abbreviations and Acronyms ............................................................................................................ v Units of Measure ................................................................................................................................. vi Currency Equivalents ........................................................................................................................ vi Energy Conversion Factors .............................................................................................................. vi Preface ................................................................................................................................................ vii Need for New Rural Energy Policy Framework ..................................................................... vii Acknowledgments .............................................................................................................................. ix Executive Summary ............................................................................................................................ 1 The Biomass Subsector ............................................................................................................ 1 Toward a Sustainable Biomass Policy ..................................................................................... 2 The Electricity Subsector .......................................................................................................... 2 Rural Electrification ................................................................................................................... 3 Nonbiomass Renewable Energy Technologies ....................................................................... 4 Summary Recommendations ................................................................................................... 6 1. The Country Setting ....................................................................................................................... 7 Geography and Population ....................................................................................................... 7 The Economy ............................................................................................................................ 7 The Government’s Development Agenda ................................................................................ 8 Energy Resources .................................................................................................................... 9 The Electricity Subsector .......................................................................................................... 9 Energy Use Patterns in Malawi .............................................................................................. 10 2. The Biomass Subsector .............................................................................................................. 13 The Present Position ............................................................................................................... 13 Biomass Energy Resources Policy Agenda .......................................................................... 18 Measures To Be Taken by the Government .......................................................................... 20 Institutional Changes .............................................................................................................. 20 3. Rural Electrification ..................................................................................................................... 23 The Electricity Subsector ........................................................................................................ 23 Rural Electrification ................................................................................................................. 27 4. Nonbiomass Renewable Energy ................................................................................................ 37 Current Position ...................................................................................................................... 37 Criteria for Effective Renewable Energy Project Promotion .................................................. 39
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