AG - prompt 1 - 1)?Whatdoesitmeantobea February 18-The Age...

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1)  How one would describe the “constitutions” of Athens and Sparta?  What does it mean to be a  citizen in these states? February 18: -The Age of the Basileis (the warrior-nobles, heads of households) – up to about 600 BC, the Basileis are the dominant forces in the cities. Over time they behave more like kings or princes. -In the 7 th century we have the Hoplite Revolution, a change in warfare due to the need to protect farmland as opposed to livestock. Keep in mind that Greece is poor in resources, arid, and mountainous, so arable land is at a premium. In the early phases of the Dark Ages when the population was very small, farms tended to be widely scattered and much of the economy seemed to operate on herding. As the population increases, more and more of the land was used for agricultural purposes (farming) and it became necessary for the city as a whole to defend it. -The Basileis primary concern was for themselves, their extended family, and people bonded to them by guest-friendship. They were highly competitive and individualistic . Livestock-rearing societies ‘governed’ by the Basileis (their wealth was gauged largely on their amount of livestock) were highly clannish . Yet agriculture is something that the city as a whole needs, so the defense of farmlands was a concern for the city as a whole. The new military tactics were built on cooperation and a sense of equality. The ethos of the phalanx and infantry warfare in classical Greece was an ethos of cooperation and coordination. The values that arise from this are contrary to those of the Basileis in the Dark Ages. The emergence of democratic government owes itself to the emergence of the phalanx, which creates the preconditions for more democratic regimes. February 23: - Lycurgus and Solon are remembered as great law-givers, as responsible for the constitutions of their respective cities (Solon of Athenian democracy and Lycurgus of the Spartan political system). As we move deeper into the development of the Greek states in the classical period, Athens and Sparta are seen as two poles, two cities at odds with each other. - In the 6 th and 7 th centuries BC, we see many tyrannies being established because there is a tension that emerges in the structure and formation of the city; part of what’s driving that tension is a gradual increase in the participation in government. -In the Geometric period, the basileis are those who are making the decisions; they make up a small council of ‘great figures’ that governs the city. With the Hoplite Revolution, this changes. On one hand, it recognizes the broader rate of participation in government. - The constant ‘war’ or competitive tension between the cities required more men to be in the army, and the more men in the army led to more demand for more political rights, which produced more volatility and danger of factional conflicts. What’s at stake in these conflicts is a different conception of the city.
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-The early Greek city emphasized the authority of the heads of the households. Each one of
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course ENGLISH English 10 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Oglethorpe.

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AG - prompt 1 - 1)?Whatdoesitmeantobea February 18-The Age...

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