1.20.11 - Communication Sciences and Disorders:...

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Unformatted text preview: Communication Sciences and Disorders: Introduction Key Questions How do disorders of hearing/speech/language affect communication? What are the major types of hearing/speech/language disorders? What are the differences among the following terms: impairment, disability, handicap, disorder, and difference What professionals work in the field of communication disorders, and what education and qualifications must they have? The Links Between Individuals and Society Communication Disorders Approximately 46 million people have a communication disorder Nature of disorder can be one of the following, or combination: 1. Speech 2. Language 3. Hearing Disorder versus Difference Communication Disorder Impairment that adversely affects communication Organic vs. Functional Developmental vs. Acquired Communication Difference Communication abilities that differ from those usually encountered in the mainstream culture No evidence of impairment. Communication Differences Children and adults who speak two or more languages sometimes have difficulty discriminating differences between English words due to differences between the sound patterns in their first and second language. Children do not need to forget their first language in order to learn a second language. Tests are culturally biased because they represent the cultural values and World Health Organization Terms I mpair ment (disor der )- Any loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological, or anatomical structure or function. Disability - A reduced competence in meeting daily living needs. H andicap- A social, educational, or occupational disadvantage that results from an impairment or disability. Communication Disorders Congenital-Present at birth (e.g., cerebral palsy) Acquir ed Occur after communication...
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This note was uploaded on 06/10/2011 for the course CSD 306k taught by Professor Marquardt during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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1.20.11 - Communication Sciences and Disorders:...

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