E 316 - ONE 18th and 19th century Seeking a VOICE Writers...

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ONE 18 th and 19 th century: Seeking a VOICE. Writers focused on being/having: - Areligious - Clear, conscice, simple - Order Large and rapidly increasing reading public. - Especially women *Know famous 5 points of Deism. Important documents such as: - Declaration of Independence - The Federalists Most modern men: 18 th century Benjamin Franklin: - $100 Bill - Founding Father/Framer - Contemporary/Johnathan Edwards time - The model of the “self-made man” - 15 th child, youngest son - Family trade was candlemaker and soap boiler - Worked for brother’s newspaper who had printing shop - Published first works at age 12 - Loved the women (sex maniac?) - Only American to sign all four documents that created the Republic
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- “God helps them who help themselves” - Invented the autobiography (as a genre) - Most widely read and influential of all American writers Page 213 Conscice Anthology of American Literature, paragraph that starts with “Then I walked up the street gazing about…” is one of the most important writings of the American experience 1. Temperance 2. Silence 3. Order and reason 4. Frugality (waste nothing) 5. Industry 6. Sincerity 7. Justice 8. Moderation 9. Cleanliness 10. Don’t lose temper 11. Chastity (don’t use sex unless for offspring or health) 12. Humility TWO AGE OF REASON Benjamin Franklin Autobiography Deism - believe jesus was a mortal man - not a mass movement, religion of upper classes - not a church, meeting houses, sermons, just a body of shared beliefs/ideals - deist god: “first cause” and ben frank: “scientifically ordered universe” “omnipotent” etc - they had blind faith - *for them god was “the great clock maker” – means that their idea in order to scientifically ordered fabulous universe, there 1) had to be a creator, 2) he believes so much in his creation of humankind, he stepped back and crafted the universe - different from puritans: puritans are not worthy in god’s eyes (their god is angry), and deists: theirs is a very benevolent god
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(establishes the world like a machine, fully capable to run it, all for mankind) - essentially, more of a way of thinking rather than practice Famous 5 Points of deism (by Lord Herbert Jerbury) 1. That there is a Supreme Power (whicfh he further explains to be a benevolent God) 2. That this Sovereign Power must be worshipped 3. That the good ordering of disposition of the faculties of man constitutes the principal or best part of divine worship, and that this hasalways been believed (my emphasis) 4. That all vices and crimes should be expiated and effaced by repentence (say, as in good, chariable works—not Puritan thought) 5. That there are rewards and punishments after this life Enlightenment : - Rene Descartes- innate knowledge - Isaac Newton- revealed that universe is not a mystery - John Locke- did attack Descartes’ idea of innate intuition; proposed that life starts with a blank slate, senses and process of reflection brings knowledge Governments : meant to be composed of our men, for our men - 1776- natural, unalienable rights; life, liberty, pursuit of happiness - 1775-1783: american revolution
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