Anthropology 1102

Anthropology 1102 - Anthropology 1102 Kottak Chapter 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Anthropology 1102 Kottak Chapter 1 8/18/10 - “There are normal ways of thinking and acting other than our own” - Anthropology- The holistic, cross-cultural study of human beings and their immediate ancestors. - Anthropology includes the whole of human behavior (biology, society, language, culture environmental influences, etc.) - Has strengths that other social sciences don’t have; multi- disciplinary approaches, cross-cultural comparisons - Anthropology attempts to explain human evolution and human behavior through both time and space, including past, present, and possible future. - Humans are not static; individuals and populations continue to change both biologically and culturally over time. - Culture- the learned traditions, customs, beliefs, taboos, ways of thinking and acting that both individuals and groups of humans possess. - The process of learning one’s culture is called enculturation , which begins at birth and continues through life. - Anthropology in America has its roots in the study of Native Americans, beginning in the exploration of the continent and the observations of naturalists and historians. - American Anthropology blossomed in the 1800s and 1900s - Early anthropologists sought to document and understand the history and diversity of native peoples, many of which were disappearing or changing. - Anthropology has four distinct sub-fields: Cultural Anthropology, Archaeology, Biological Anthropology, and Linguistics - Each sub-field can and should borrow from the others. Cultural Anthropology - The study of living human societies and cultures. - Subfield with the largest representation - Operates using ethnography and ethnology. Fieldwork, observation, interviews, participation in the cultures. - Human groups are not isolated. Migration, trade, intermarriage, warfare, tourism, etc. bring people together. - These activities affect and change culture, so individual ethnographies should be compared over time. They are “snapshots”. - Cultural anthropology has the benefit of living peoples and direct observation, but it has some drawbacks/ - Short time-depth (weakness for studying living humans) - Are the data accurate? Are informants honest? Is the observer biased by his or her own culture? Archaeology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
- Archaeology- the study of human behavior and patterns of behavior through material remains, or “material culture” - The study of artifacts, structures, settlement patterns, etc., can tell us much about human behavior. - Economic behavior interactions between groups (trade, warfare, etc.), shared belief systems, and transformations in culture are all evident in the things we leave behind. - Archaeology provides information on significant changes in the organization and operation of human societies, such as… - Hunting and Gathering-to- Sedentism/agriculture - Rise in social inequality - Development of large, complex societies with different forms of government. -
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/10/2011 for the course ANTHROPOLO 1102 taught by Professor Wood during the Fall '10 term at UGA.

Page1 / 48

Anthropology 1102 - Anthropology 1102 Kottak Chapter 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online