MGT 325 - emotions and moods

MGT 325 - emotions and moods - VictoriaJohnson MGT325...

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Victoria Johnson MGT 325 EMPLOYEE LEARNING What is “Learning”?     - A relatively permanent change in behavior occurring as a result of  experience - The definition is concerned w/ behavior - 3 important components: Learning involves change Change is relatively permanent Experience is necessary - Experience can be observation - Practice  - Reading  Classical Conditioning     - A type of behavioral conditioning in which a person responds to a  stimulus that would not have ordinarily produced such a response - This behavior is reflexive rather than voluntary.  - Not necessarily conscious - Classical conditioning grew out of experiments conducted at the turn of  the century by Russian physiologist, Ivan Pavlov, to teach dogs to salivate  in response to the ringing of a bell. - Unconditioned Stimulus   Unconditional Response Conditioned Stimulus   Conditioned Response The meat was an unconditioned stimulus; it invariably caused the dog  to react in a specific way.  The bell was an artificial stimulus, or what we call the conditioned  stimulus.  The conditioned response: This describes the behavior of the dog; it  salivated in reaction to the bell alone -  Learning a conditioned response involves building up an  association between a conditioned stimulus and an unconditioned  stimulus
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- When the stimuli, one compelling and the other one neutral, are  paired, the neutral one becomes a conditioned stimulus and,  hence, takes on the properties of the unconditioned stimulus - Classical conditioning is passive—something happens, and we react in a  specific way. It is elicited in response to a specific, identifiable event Operant Conditioning     - A type of behavioral conditioning in which a desired behavior either  leads ot reward or prevents a punishment - Argues that behavior is a function of its consequences People learn to behave to get something they want or to avoid  something they do not want.  - The tendency to repeat such behavior is influenced by reinforcement or  lack of reinforcement - Harvard psychologist B.F. Skinner’s research on operant conditioning  expanded our knowledge - Antecedent   Behavior   Consequence - Example ( WATCH VIDEO!!) Goal Setting & Achievement - Antecedent               Behavior               Consequence - Tenets Behavior is learned (everything is learned) People are likely to engage in desired behavior if they are reinforced  for doing so Rewards are most effective if they immediately follow the desired  response Any situation in which it is either explicitly stated or implicitly suggested 
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This note was uploaded on 06/10/2011 for the course MGT 325 taught by Professor Roth during the Summer '07 term at Michigan State University.

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MGT 325 - emotions and moods - VictoriaJohnson MGT325...

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