pastoralists and hortic - Pastoralists and...

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Pastoralists and Horticulturalists Chapters 12 and 13
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Pastoralists: relationship with and dependence on herds Book gives three examples: Nandi (E. Africa) Basseri (S. Iran) Yolo (Nepal)
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Transhumance- Form of seasonal migration practiced by pastoralists
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Pastoralists Tribe or chiefdom organization (often overlap) Some cultivation (wheat, millet, corn) Other characteristics - extended-family groups families rather than individuals usually hold rights to animals & migration routes
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Nomadic lifestyle Environmental variables important to movement Depends more on animal needs than human needs -e.g. sheep need more space than cattle
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Questions for this ch. reading: 1) Ch. 12- compare herding practices of the Basseri with those of the Yolmo 2) why are all three exemplified pastoral groups patrilineal? 3) how is cattle herding in Africa ties to male status and the “warrior complex” (Masai and Nandi) 4) In what way do the Basseri illustrate that the ideology of religious leaders does not always translate into daily life?
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Questions con’t: 5) Ch. 13- How do male shamans cure disease and illness in the Yanomamo culture? 6) Ch. 13- How does the Mundugumore geographical position on New Guinea affect the trade relationships they have with their neighbors? 7) Why is there a strict separation between men and women in many New Guinea horticultural societies?
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Nandi Initiation Rights Conducted between the ages of 12-18 Expectations: to be brave, unemotional, and quiet gender role reversals
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