Study Guide for ANTH 101 Exam

Study Guide for - Study Guide for ANTH 101 Exam#1 Fall 09 Anthropology study of human beings 4 fields cultural archaeological biological and

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Study Guide for ANTH 101 Exam #1, Fall 09 Anthropology - study of human beings 4 fields- cultural, archaeological, biological, and linguistic cultural anthropology - using ethnography and ethnology to study human societies and cultures archaeological anthropology - reconstructs, describes and interprets past human behavior and cultural patterns through material remains biological anthropology - Pale anthropology: human evolution via fossil record: genetics, growth and development; primatology linguistic anthropology - language in social and cultural context across space and time Culture - Learned traditions and customs, that govern beliefs and behaviors; not biological always acquired ALSO the complex whole that includes all habits, customs, beliefs, knowledge, art, morals, etc. learned by humans as members of a society Ethnicity - Biology, culture, behavior, basic values, language, and customs shared within a group. Members recognize other members of the group. Not strictly limited to color of skin. Example a person can be WHITE without being CAUCASIAN Binary oppositions - contrasting pairs, such as male/female, young/old, sun/moon, by which people organize their social and conceptual worlds. This idea is associated with the French anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss. Gender- cultural meanings, values, and social roles assigned with respect to sex differences NOT BIOLOGICAL Socialization- the process of transmitting appropriate cultural values and social behavior from one generation to the next Society - groups living and sharing culture Class, caste - a category of people who have approximately the same access to power and resources Worldview - the culturally shaped way one sees and interprets the world. Not biological assumptions about nature moral options and life options. People never venture beyond their perception of the “Real world” Applied anthropology - to identify, assess and solve contemporary social problems. Examples: Medical Anthropology, Cultural Resource Management (CRM), Forensic Anthropology, and Non-government Organizations (NGO’s) Cross-cultural - Phenomena or mode of comparison not limited to a particular culture or group Cultural relativism- principle assuming that human customs and life ways are meaningful and coherent in their   native social context Emic- “Insider” Etic- “Outsider” Ethnocentrism- the belief that all aspects of European culture represent the best forms of culture Ethnography- requires fieldwork to collect data, descriptive, group/community Ethnology- draws upon data collected by a series of researchers, synthetic, comparative, cross-culture Holistic- human biology, culture, and language
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Science- a framework for systematically acquiring information about the physical world and testing that information through controlled observations History Participant observation- the preferred anthropological method it involves living as a member of the society under study and sharing in day-to-day activities usually for an
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Dr.sharynjones during the Fall '11 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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Study Guide for - Study Guide for ANTH 101 Exam#1 Fall 09 Anthropology study of human beings 4 fields cultural archaeological biological and

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