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materialism ch5 - Materialism and Economics Chapter 4 5 In...

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Materialism and Economics Chapter 4 & 5 In Search of Respect Chapters 2-3
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Questions: What shapes the behavior of individuals? What do stratification and inequality result from ? W Human biology? W The ability to control resources?
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Materialism Reaction to Boas “All aspects of culture are a means to exploit material resources”
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change in culture over time-> optimal material advantage Leslie White Julian Steward
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Leslie White General evolution Control of energy is key to cultural evolution = progress Famous for his statement 1957 after Russia launched Sputnick
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Julian Steward Specific evolution Ecological approach W Culture = adaptation
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Materialist Concepts Adaptation Subsistence + distribution W Subsistence ->task specialization, division labor W Distribution -> power Subsistence econ <-> political economy http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xRJZWfqWcs0
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Conspicuous consumption Pg. 108-109 text Prestige driven amassing/ accumulation of goods W unmatched waste Examples:
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Sustainability Carrying capacity -population level that can be supported for an organism given quantity
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