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22.European Expansion to the New World_outline

22.European Expansion to the New World_outline - Lecture 22...

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Lecture 22: European Expansion to the New World Key Words: -Conquistador -Treaty of Tordesillas -Encomienda Questions: 1. What contextual reasons help to explain European expansion to the New World in the late 15 th century? 2. What were the consequences of European expansion both for the peoples they encountered and for Europeans themselves? 3. How does this fit in with larger patterns within the History of Western Civilization? I. Historiography A. “Traditional” narrative Thought to be celebratory, heroic Americans consider Columbus hero Yes there were other people living here, but Europeans came here and modernized it. Western values such as progress. 1492 Columbus triumphs-and European nations arise as world leader Expansion also brought in new trade opportunities Brought in the USA!!! Often minimized the more destructive element of exploration(primitive v modern) B. Revisionist narratives By 1960s and 70s many cultural historians argued that western civ only had one uplifting path. Make Americans and Europeans feel good about themselves. 1
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Came during Vietnam, so it probably came from people who opposed the war. If people understood history we wouldn’t be in the war, b/c the view of older narrative keeps tradition of war. C. Balance with Self-criticism? As historians the best way to go to a balance- a variety of different factors-different historical points of view. Shouldn’t be afraid of critical point of view. Both sides are exaggerations. About control of knowledge and debate.
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