17.and18. Reformation in Germany and the Spread of the Reformation (combined)_outline - Copy

17.and18. Reformation in Germany and the Spread of the Reformation (combined)_outline - Copy

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Combined Lectures 17 and 18: The Reformation in Germany and the Spread of the Reformation Key Terms: -Indulgences -Treasury of Merit -Works-Righteousness -sola fide -sola scriptura -Predestination -the “Elect” -Book of Common Prayer -“Bloody Mary” Questions: 1. What historical conditions help to explain the Reformation in Europe and the supportive reception Reformation theologians receive? 2. What major ideas and concepts do Luther, Calvin and others contribute to Christian theology (which sets them apart from the Catholic Church and from each other)? 3. How can we also understand the Reformation as a political event, driven and sustained by worldly concerns? I. Context for the Rise of 16 th Century Religious Reform Movement A. Heretics and Critics Churches authority has constantly been in question B. Northern Renaissance and Christian Humanism Project to only reform not, reject church Erasmus laid the egg, luther hatched it C. Popular Piety and Renewed Criticism(response to Avignon papacy) Wakes many people up, they want a new experience. New critique of the church in response to wealth and lifestyle How can you tell someone to live a holy life, if you do not live one 1. Indulgences 1
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Sale of indulgences- See below. If one can not do enough works to save sole, then the pope can transfer good works to a person in exchange for a donation Grants forgiveness for sins for money A way for church to get money. Writ of indulgence People in northern Europe who were trying to live a simple Christian lifestyle saw this as materialist, corrupt and against the teachings of god. When someone had purchased an indulgence it was an extra way to getting rid of sin. Goes back to crusade(Christian knights wanted to cleans themselves before going into getting) By 14 th century-selling indulgences to relatives of dead people(to get them out of purgatory) Potential for lots and lots of abuse Represented all that was wrong in the catholic church 2. Works-Righteousness According to catholic doctrine Christians can save sole by fasting, prayer good works-pretty much anything that the preist tells you Can absolve themselves from sin Pennants, good works Purgatory is going to affect everyone-better people do less time. Medieval doctrine that said all would go to purgatory. Most don’t want to go to purgatory so church as treasury of merit which metaphorically has an unlimited amount of good works by saints, jesus, etc. If one can not do enough works to save sole, then the pope can transfer good works to a person in exchange for a donation D. Economic Concerned that the have to pay ties and ecclesiastical taxes. Church officals who were in charge of feudal lands-have to pay tieds and taxes to pay
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17.and18. Reformation in Germany and the Spread of the Reformation (combined)_outline - Copy

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