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15.Politics and Conflict in Renaissance Italy_outline - Copy

15.Politics and Conflict in Renaissance Italy_outline -...

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Lecture 15: Politics and Conflict in Renaissance Italy Questions: (1) What are the important political, social, and military circumstances we need to know in order to understand Machiavelli’s world? (2) In what ways can we interpret Machiavelli’s The Prince as a response to the world around him? (3) In what ways can we also interpret Machiavelli as an intellectual product of the Renaissance humanism? Key Terms: -Civic humanism -populo grosso -populo minute -Ciompi rebellion -Charles VIII -Habsburgs -Charles V I. Historical Context: The World of Machiavelli Italy doesn’t exist as a state-geographic region of city states A. Republics and Civic Humanism Intellectuals and civil servants inspired by accident romans of way of learning to the state Concerned that this world mattered, life on earth. Use talents to seize the world. B. Stability in 13 th century(1200s) During high middle ages, things were well in Italy, importing goods and got rich Things were great. Fell off the cliff when plague hit-becomes instability C. Social division in 14 th century (1300s)-huge social divides , merchants make a lot of money. 1. Populo grosso Merhcants become so rich, (working middle class), overshadowed nobles. Wield much more power. Established a new constitution in Florence at end of 13 th century Florence would be rules by 7 elite guilds(interest groups) to promote interest of tradesmen’s and craftsmen
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Government helped them out and controlled who got jobs so they made lots of money for better products Promote interest of wealthy middle class.
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