8.Early Christian Church_outline

8.Early Christian Church_outline - Lecture 8: The Early...

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or “…[S]tubbornness and inflexible obstinacy [that] surely deserve to be punished…” 1 Questions: 1. What factor(s) explain the rapid rise and acceptance of Christianity? 2. How did the Roman reaction to Christianity evolve over time? 3. Why was the Christian Church in a position to outlast the Roman Empire? Key Terms: -Paul of Tarsus -Constantine -Edict of Milan -Council of Nicaea -Theodosius I -Petrine Doctrine -Augustine of Hippo- 354 Bc, An influential bishop and theologian. Writings influenced church for centuries. Links fall of Rome-to middle ages. Link between old and new I. Historical Context A. Roman Empire 1. State Religion Pantheon of different gods. Had a state apparatus. A public interest sort of thing. Important for long term prosperity. 2. Tolerance Tolerant of different religions within the empire. Even adapted local god into state relgion. That’s why they allowed the jews to keep practicing. 3. Imperial Cults 1 Pliny the Younger, Letter to Emperor Trajan, Letters 10.96-97, Internet Medieval Sourcebook, http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/pliny1.html , accessed 9 May 2011. 1
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8.Early Christian Church_outline - Lecture 8: The Early...

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