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6.Crisis of the Late Republic and Transition to Empire_outline

6.Crisis of the Late Republic and Transition to Empire_outline

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; Lecture 6: Crisis of the Late Republic and the Transition to Empire Question: 1. What were some of the consequences of Rome’s expansion? 2. What were some of the changes in politics in the late Republic? 3. How can we think of the Empire as a “solution” to the Republic’s problems? Key Terms: -Latifundia-huge plantations worked by slaves. Lived in pitiful condidtion -Gracchi brothers-care about poor who come to Rome. -Marius -Julius Caesar -Octavian -princeps Goes from republic to empire. I. Consequences of Expansion Abroad have Repercussions at Home: A. corruption Political elite profit greatly, an elite patrician goes to govern a province under marshal law. So no one in the provinces can complain about graft or plunder. Senate turns a blind eye. No punishment. B. new slave economy Use slaves to work on plantations and teach children. After height of empire, Slave labor is crucial to agriculture. Latifundia’s owned by elite Romans who sell it. Near end of 2 nd century BC slave revolts happen Rome threatened by this dependency C. new social stratification Massive use of slaves which made the elites richer(cash crops-wine, olvies-selling to make money). Took over public land. Out competing small farmers(which is a roman ideal). Small farms fail, and farmers have to go to rome to hope for public assistance.
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