3.Ancient Greek Philosophical Traditions_outline

3.Ancient Greek Philosophical Traditions_outline - Lecture...

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Lecture 3: “Ancient Greek Philosophical Traditions” or “Rejecting Religion by Reaching for Reason” Key Terms: Melian School - Sophists - Socratic Method - The Forms - The Golden Mean - Thucydidesu - Questions: 1. What reasons help to explain the rise of rational philosophy in ancient Greece? 2. What were the key stages and who were the key figures in the development of Greek philosophy? I. Historical Context A. Near East - (middle east)Early greeks had contact with near eastern peoples-Egyptians and Ehisfians B. Trade- trading with people, not just sitting in a bubble. C. Human agency People reaching out and dealing with their world D. Greek religion Huge range of gods and goddesses. Complex system of understanding Gods. Weak institution of religion. Lots of room for Greeks to ask questions about the world. No priets to tell them what to do E. Political culture Citizens encouraged to think critically, independently to help solve problems. Use reason to convince people 1
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II. Pre-Socratics A. Milesian School (Natural Laws)-emerged in Ionia, not on greek mainland. Raised questions about god and humans. Sought answers through physical examinations Philosophy means love of knowledge. Started with people not Gods. Rational theory to explain universe. 1.
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This note was uploaded on 06/10/2011 for the course HISTORY 151 taught by Professor Policelli during the Summer '11 term at UNC.

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3.Ancient Greek Philosophical Traditions_outline - Lecture...

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