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L4_control_stud - CGN 3421 Computer Methods Gurley Lecture...

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CGN 3421 - Computer Methods Gurley Lecture 4 - Control Structures page 18 of 26 Lecture 4 - Control Structures Three ways to control the flow of a program if - end decision (no loop) if (condition1 true) needed statements elseif (condition2 true) optional statements else optional statemetns end needed for - end counted loop (repeat statements, no decision) for variable = start : increment : stop statements inside counted loop end while - end conditional loop (repeat statements and make a decision) while (condition true) statements inside conditional loop end
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CGN 3421 - Computer Methods Gurley Lecture 4 - Control Structures page 19 of 26 if - end decision (no loop) >> if ( condition 1 ) >> execute statement(s) >> elseif ( condition 2 ) >> execute statement(s) >> elseif ( condition 3 ) >> execute statement(s) >> else >> execute statement(s) >> end >> ... rest of the program decision structure will find only one condition true when one condition is found true, all other conditions are ignored condition 1 condition 2 condition 3 anything else
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CGN 3421 - Computer Methods Gurley Lecture 4 - Control Structures page 20 of 26 Example #1: grades >> grade = input(‘enter student grade ’) >> if (grade >= 90) >> letter = ‘A’ >> elseif (grade >= 80) >> letter = ‘B’ >> elseif (grade >= 70) >> letter = ‘C’ >> else >> letter = ‘D or F’ >> end decision structure will execute only one letter assignment when one condition is found true, all other conditions are ignored grade >= 90 grades < 70 80 > grade >= 70 90 > grade >= 80
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CGN 3421 - Computer Methods Gurley Lecture 4 - Control Structures page 21 of 26 example #2: grades (logic error) >> grade = input(‘enter student grade ’) >> if (grade >= 70) >> letter = ‘C’ >>
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