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File-059 - Which one of the survivors would live the...

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BIO 181 McCague File-059 Questions for Review – Excretory System 1. A congenital abnormality of the excretory system cell bilateral agenesis results in the absence of the kidneys at birth. How does the fetus survive until full term without kidneys? 2. A man drinks very little water with his meals, salts all the food he eats. His blood pressure rises from 140/90 to 200/150. Why? How would the body try to relieve this problem? What effect would this problem have on the kidneys? 3. Kidney failure results in acidosis. Why? 4. What effect does severe kidney damage have on bones and vitamin D 3 activation? 5. A plane crashes in the desert. No water and food are available to the survivors.
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Unformatted text preview: Which one of the survivors would live the longest: Uninjured stewardess, 10 month old baby, male tennis player with minor bruises, pilot with severe injuries and blood loss. Why? 6. In which vessel is the blood pressure the highest? a. Renal vein – Inferior vena cave b. Renal artery – Renal vein c. Afferent arteriole – Efferent arteriole d. Renal artery – Interlobular artery 7. What are thiazides and how do they work on the excretory system? Why are these drugs contraindicated with digitalis or corticosteroids?...
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