Poli 391J_June 9

Poli 391J_June 9 - Poland: Coalition of Action Solidarity...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 6/13/11 POLI 391J: Problems of Democratic Transition in Eastern Europe Civil society in Eastern Europe: Forms of Political Participation June 8, 2011
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6/13/11 Types of political action Types of political action Universal Particular Conventional Elections Organizational membership Protest Rebellions , revolution s, Strikes, riots, demonstrations, petition drives, etc.
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6/13/11 Mass upheavals “The masses do not want the old ways anymore, the regime is unable to maintain the old ways anymore” (Lenin) Relative deprivation theory (Robert Gurr)
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6/13/11 Elections and voting behavior The “Pendulum” swings From 1990 to 2002 only 3 out of 59 prime ministers in parliamentary democracies managed to get reelected for a consecutive term (Janez Drnovsek, Vaclav Klaus, Mikulas Dzurinda) In presidential systems the picture is
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6/13/11 Elections and voting behavior Parliamentary coalitions Slovakia: Public Against Violence – 37% loss in 1992 elections
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Unformatted text preview: Poland: Coalition of Action Solidarity and Freedom Union 39% loss in 1994 elections 6/13/11 Voter turnout: 6/13/11 Membership in political Low party membership Low union membership Weak civil society Problems: corruption, cronyism, nepotism 6/13/11 Corruption Perception Index 6/13/11 Attitudes toward democracy and free 6/13/11 Uncivil Society: Neonazi Groups 6/13/11 Civil society and the state The US separation model The West-European neocorporatist model The East-European anti-politics 6/13/11 Civil society and the state Some political leaders see the civil society as a threat, try to coopt or ban certain types of NGOs 6/13/11 Foreign Funding The EU and the US are among the major donors of NGOs in Eastern Europe In 2005, Open Society Foundation (George Soros) spent $ 13.8 mn on civil society projects in Eastern Europe Click to edit Master subtitle style 6/13/11 Questions? Comments?...
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Poli 391J_June 9 - Poland: Coalition of Action Solidarity...

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