Poli 391J_June 7

Poli 391J_June 7 - Shaping the Post-Communist I...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 6/13/11 POLI 391J: Problems of Democratic Transition in Eastern Europe Shaping the Post-Communist Institutions: Leadership and Representation June 7, 2011
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6/13/11 Democracy Regular, free, fair elections to the key governing posts The principle of separation of powers Free speech, free media
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6/13/11 Institutional Design Choice of the form of institutions affects democratic performance in the countries that adopt them. Linz: “Institutional arrangements both directly and indirectly shape the entire political process, or “way of ruling”. Remington: “Institutions matter. Simply changing formal institutions from communism to democracy may do little to improve social well-being”.
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6/13/11 Executive power President, prime minister, the cabinet (the government) The executive is checked by the legislative and the judicial branches Most post-communist
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6/13/11 View 1: Strong executives hamper democratic development competing claims to legitimacy; rigidity; strong element of zero-sum game; political outsiders are more likely to win the chief executive office in presidential systems (Linz)
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6/13/11 View 2: presidential regimes are not necessarily worse than parliamentary competing claims to legitimacy also exist in parliamentary systems ; presidential system do not prohibit reelection; zero-sum game is stronger in parliamentary systems; in presidential democracies that have more institutionalized party systems the election of political outsiders is the exception (Mainwaring & Shugart)
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6/13/11 Conflict within the
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6/13/11 Typologies of regimes Effective (e.g.
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This note was uploaded on 06/13/2011 for the course POLI 391 taught by Professor Anikin during the Summer '11 term at South Carolina.

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Poli 391J_June 7 - Shaping the Post-Communist I...

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