Poli 391J_June 6

Poli 391J_June 6 - The End of the Cold War and Velvet...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 6/13/11 POLI 391J: Problems of Democratic Transition in Eastern Europe The End of the Cold War and Velvet Revolutions June 6, 2011
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6/13/11 Factors of the collapse Internal factors: Split within the Communist party Environmental degradation Economic stagnation External Factors: The Debt Factor Global Economic Situation Gorbachev The USSR
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6/13/11 External Factors: The Debt Crisis and Global Economic Situation
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6/13/11 External Factors: Glasnost (free speech, public debate, political openness) Perestroika (restructuring) New Thinking (novomyshlenie) – the repudiation of the Brezhnev Doctrine, called for international
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6/13/11 External Factors: the USSR Imperial overstretch War in Afghanistan Sales of fossil fuels to Eastern Europe below the world prices Military and economic support to client states in the Third World Economic collapse
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6/13/11 External Factors: Offensive rhetoric Support of the mujahedeen in Afghanistan Increasing military spending (Strategic
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6/13/11 Pattern of Collapse Consolidation of the “liberal” factions within the Communist Parties, emboldened by Gorbachev’s ideas Protest and strikes, resulting in unrest and the strengthening of the “liberal” factions at the expense of “conservative” communists Gorbachev’s expression of support to the “liberals”, “conservatives” resign
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Poli 391J_June 6 - The End of the Cold War and Velvet...

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