history112nixon - Richard Nixon, the “Silent Majority,”...

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Unformatted text preview: Richard Nixon, the “Silent Majority,” Richard and the 1970s and One minute questionnaire: section 7 Have a wonderful Thanksgiving! Election of 1968: One of the closest Election elections in history elections Nixon: A Man of Contradictions Born into a lower­middle class family. Harbored a lifelong grudge against the “Eastern establishment.” Considered politically finished in 1960 (when he lost the presidential election to Kennedy) and 1962 (when he lost the CA Governor’s race). “You won’t have Nixon to kick around any more.” The Silent Majority Emerges. Nixon speech (1969): “And so tonight -The to you, the great silent majority of my fellow Americans -- I ask for to of your support.” your Migration to the Sunbelt Nixon’s “Southern Strategy”: Attempt to Nixon’s break up the “New Deal coalition” break GOP Ticket, 1968: Nixon and GOP Agnew Agnew Election of 1972: Huge Landslide The defeat of the “New Deal The coalition” coalition” Attracting white southerners to the Republican party. Attracting ethnic Northerners. Taking over the Sunbelt. Emphasizing cultural issues, such as the fear of the eclipse of traditional values. Taking over the support first Taking garnered by George Wallace garnered Nixon’s Presidency Had to deal with many foreign policy issues, especially Vietnam. With the exception of Vietnam most of his foreign policy involved lowering the temperature on the Cold War. Détente w/ Soviet Union Opening up relations with Opening Communist China Communist Domestic Policy: continued many Domestic policies of Kennedy and Johnson policies Created the Environmental Protection Agency in 1971 Imposed wage and price controls. Supported “affirmative action” in government related employment. Began to appeal to cultural Began conservatives conservatives Mounted a “war on crime” Appointed conservative judges Criticized liberal “permissiveness” Major Problem: A declining economy and Major the new problem of “stagflation” (unemployment and inflation) (unemployment Watergate: Nixon’s Downfall Patterns of Deception The “enemies list,” (1971 Memo) with Nixon’s notes. Paul Newman, California­Connecticut: Radic­lib causes. Heavy McCarthy involvement ’68. Used effectively in nationwide T.V. commercials. ’72 involvement certain. “Daniel Schorr, Columbia Broadcasting System, Washington: A real media enemy. Also on the list: Steve McQueen, Joe Namath. Nixon asked his assistant to find ways “we can best screw over” the more than 100 people on the list. The break-in and cover up A “third rate burglary” of Democratic National Committee Headquarters. Turned out to be performed by 5 employees of Nixon’s Committee to Reelect the President (CREEP). Haldemann and Erlichmann Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward: young Carl reporters who broke the story reporters Sen. Sam Ervin (D-NC) Judge John Sirica Archibald Cox and the “Saturday Archibald Night Massacre” Night Nixon resigns, August 1974 Ford pardons Nixon: “Our long Ford national nightmare is over” national Election of 1976: Reaction against Election Watergate Watergate The Carter Years Carter recognized the American disgust with politics after Watergate. Emphasized his personal honesty and his status as an outsider. Carter presided over a weak economy and concern about Carter America’s place in the world. Was our postwar boom over? In the election of 1980, Reagan used the term “misery index” to describe high unemployment and inflation. index” Election of 1980 Election of Ronald Reagan, 1980 ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/13/2011 for the course HIST 112 taught by Professor Littlefield during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

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