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Unformatted text preview: Richard Nixon, the “Silent Majority,”
and the 1970s
One minute questionnaire: section 7
Have a wonderful Thanksgiving! Election of 1968: One of the closest
elections in history
elections Nixon: A Man of Contradictions Born into a lowermiddle class family. Harbored a lifelong grudge against the “Eastern establishment.” Considered politically finished in 1960 (when he lost the presidential election to Kennedy) and 1962 (when he lost the CA Governor’s race). “You won’t have Nixon to kick around any more.” The Silent Majority Emerges. Nixon speech (1969): “And so tonight -The
to you, the great silent majority of my fellow Americans -- I ask for
your Migration to the Sunbelt Nixon’s “Southern Strategy”: Attempt to
break up the “New Deal coalition”
break GOP Ticket, 1968: Nixon and
Agnew Election of 1972: Huge Landslide The defeat of the “New Deal
Attracting white southerners to the Republican party. Attracting ethnic Northerners. Taking over the Sunbelt. Emphasizing cultural issues, such as the fear of the eclipse of traditional values. Taking over the support first
garnered by George Wallace
garnered Nixon’s Presidency
Had to deal with many foreign policy issues, especially Vietnam. With the exception of Vietnam most of his foreign policy involved lowering the temperature on the Cold War. Détente w/ Soviet Union Opening up relations with
Communist Domestic Policy: continued many
policies of Kennedy and Johnson
Created the Environmental Protection Agency in 1971 Imposed wage and price controls. Supported “affirmative action” in government related employment. Began to appeal to cultural
Mounted a “war on crime” Appointed conservative judges Criticized liberal “permissiveness” Major Problem: A declining economy and
the new problem of “stagflation”
(unemployment and inflation)
(unemployment Watergate: Nixon’s Downfall Patterns of Deception The “enemies list,” (1971 Memo) with Nixon’s notes. Paul Newman, CaliforniaConnecticut: Radiclib causes. Heavy McCarthy involvement ’68. Used effectively in nationwide T.V. commercials. ’72 involvement certain. “Daniel Schorr, Columbia Broadcasting System, Washington: A real media enemy.
Also on the list: Steve McQueen, Joe Namath. Nixon asked his assistant to find ways “we can best screw over” the more than 100 people on the list. The break-in and cover up
A “third rate burglary” of Democratic National Committee Headquarters. Turned out to be performed by 5 employees of Nixon’s Committee to Reelect the President (CREEP). Haldemann and Erlichmann Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward: young
reporters who broke the story
reporters Sen. Sam Ervin (D-NC) Judge John Sirica Archibald Cox and the “Saturday
Night Nixon resigns, August 1974 Ford pardons Nixon: “Our long
national nightmare is over”
national Election of 1976: Reaction against
Watergate The Carter Years Carter recognized the American disgust with politics after Watergate. Emphasized his personal honesty and his status as an outsider. Carter presided over a weak economy and concern about
America’s place in the world. Was our postwar boom over?
In the election of 1980, Reagan used the term “misery
index” to describe high unemployment and inflation.
index” Election of 1980 Election of Ronald Reagan, 1980 ...
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