history112reagan - The “Reagan Revolution” The...

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Unformatted text preview: The “Reagan Revolution” The Reagan’s Career Reagan’s Achievement: New Attitude Towards Gov’t Foreign Policy: A Cold Warrior who helped end the Cold War The Legacy of Reaganism Study Guide for Exam is posted on Blackboard. Study Class Evaluations Final discussion sections and papers due this week. Final Make up this Saturday at 10:30am in Gambrell 005 Final Exam: December 10th at 9:00am See me today after class or in office hours if either of these exams See presents a problem to you. presents Final Exam Guide (posted on blackboard on the “Course Information” link) the Parts I and II focus only on material since Exam II. (WWII to the present) Part I. 40 Points. Suggested time: 30 minutes 20 Multiple Choice Questions (2 points each) Part II. 30 Points. Suggested time: 30 minutes Identification. You will be asked to identify six names or terms (out of seven) in a paragraph of about four sentences for each term. Be sure to provide dates, specific information, and historical significance wherever possible. They will be worth five points each. Part III. 30 Points The essay question will be one of the five below. Since we are providing you with the questions in advance, we expect well-written, well-documented, clear answers. The exam will be closed book; no notes allowed. Essay topics: 1. Civil Rights movement 2. Compare and contrast the lives of Russell Baker and Melba Patillo Beals 3. Cold War 4. Compare and contrast the 1950s and the 1960s. 5. Compare and contrast the Spanish American War and the Vietnam War. Ronald Reagan: Actor and President of the Screen Actors Guild. Began his career as a New Deal liberal. He claimed that he didn’t change but that liberalism did. Ronald Reagan: Began his political career in the early 1960s as an opponent of liberalism and, later, student radicalism. later, Supported the Republican Barry Goldwater in the 1964 election: “The Founding Fathers knew a government can't control the economy without controlling people. And they knew when a government sets out to do that, it must use force and coercion to achieve its purpose. So we have come to a time for choosing.” have Governor of CA, 1967-75 Governor He emphasized two main themes: "to send the He welfare bums back to work," and regarding burgeoning anti-war and anti-establishment student protests at the student University of California at Berkeley, "to clean up University "to the mess at Berkeley.” the Like Nixon, he appealed to those troubled by Like shifts in American culture. But he was a much sunnier, less paranoid personality than Nixon. Reagan in national politics Reagan Initially seen as too conservative for Initially national office, although he was considered for the Republican nomination for the presidency in 1968 and 1976. As the country experienced the problems As of the 1970s, especially the economic problems, he struck many as representing an alternative to the status quo. Reagan emphasized the problems of previous administrations of Stagnant economy: the “misery index” Stagnant The national “malaise” proclaimed by The Jimmy Carter Jimmy Iran hostage crisis Social Conservatism Social Reagan appealed to Christian and social Reagan conservatives and promised support in their fights for school prayer, abortion restrictions, and family values. The first president to build this group into a huge voting bloc. From the viewpoint of social conservatives, Reagan’s presidency was a disappointment, however. Key message: was a view of government as the enemy of freedom the “Government is the problem” Government “The nine most terrifying words words in The the English language are, `I’m from the government and I’m here to help.’” Reagan selected his former rival George H.W. Bush as his VP George Election of 1980: Reagan (R) defeats the incumbent Carter (D) defeats The Great Communicator The Like FDR and JFK, able to communicate Like effectively with ordinary people. effectively Conveyed an optimism in the nation’s Conveyed future which contrasted with the pessimism of the 1970s. Domestic Policy: Reagonomics Domestic Key ideas: Key reduce government spending, reduce reduce income and capital gains reduce marginal tax rates, reduce government regulation of the reduce economy, control the money supply to reduce control inflation. inflation. Supply Side Economics or Reaganomics Reaganomics Reduced individual tax rates from 70% to Reduced 285 in 1986. 285 Tax revenues decreased as federal Tax spending increased. Strong economic growth but also an Strong increase in economic inequality. increase Overall pattern of economic growth Overall Growing economic inequality Growing Growth of federal deficit Growth Election of 1984 Election Foreign policy Foreign Increased defense spending. Increased Called for a more aggressive fighting of Called the Cold War. the Proposed the “Strategic Defense Initiative” Proposed (SDI— “Star Wars”— in 1983. The ambitious initiative was criticized as being unrealistic, even unscientific as well as for threatening to re-iginite an offensive arms race. Depiction of SDI Depiction Reykjavík Summit, 1986 Reykjavík Reagan met with the Soviet leader, Reagan Gorbachev and proposed banning all ballistic missiles. Wanted to continue the SDI program. He even discussed eliminating nuclear He weapons. The end of the cold war The Reagan’s surprising overture to Reagan’s Gorbachev Gorbachev Iran Contra Affair Iran A secret plan which became public in secret 1986—selling weapons to Iran and giving the profits to the anti-communist “Contras” in Nicaragua. The Reagan Legacy The Created a new common sense in the Created United States. Significant that Bill Clinton the first Significant Democrat elected after Reagan proclaimed that “the era of big government is over.” Election of 1988: George H.W. Bush, Reagan’s VP, wins decisively Reagan’s Legacy of Reaganism Legacy Republicans and many Democrats invoke Republicans the spirit of Ronald Reagan. the In the 2008 Republican Primaries, four In years after Reagan’s death, each of the Republican aspirants (McCain, Huckabee, Romney, Guiliani, etc.) claimed to be the true Reaganite. ...
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