hist112newdeal

hist112newdeal - Rendez-Vous With Destiny?: FDR and the New...

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Unformatted text preview: Rendez-Vous With Destiny?: FDR and the New Deal New Exam on Wednesday (1 essays; 25 mult. choice). Essay questions are Exam posted on blackboard. No discussion sections this week. No NB: Formal Paper # 2 (on Melba Beals’ Warriors Don’t Cry due in a few weeks NB: Warriors No 1-min questionnaire today, so please ask questions. Last time: what effect did the Depression have on the World? A story we’ll pick Last up after the examination when we look at WWII. The New Deal was a lot more than Roosevelt but he embodied the era, especially the confidence he seemed to project (takes office Mar 4, 1933) seemed FDR: an aggressive pragmatist, an improviser, not an ideologue improviser, Goals: Goals: Saving Capitalism Regulating Business Providing Security The 3 R’s: Relief (stop the pain), Recovery The (get better), and Reform (do things differently). differently). Ending Prohibition: Dec 5, 1933 Ending The “Hundred Days”: 15 major bills signed into law signed Roosevelt’s Alphabet Soup of Agencies and Programs Agencies FDR and the New Deal Agencies FDR Fireside Chats: “Together we cannot fail. ” 1st one: March 12, 1933. fail. My friends: I want to talk for a few minutes with the people of the United States about banking -to talk with the comparatively few who understand the mechanics of banking, but more particularly with the overwhelming majority of you who use banks for the making of deposits and the drawing of checks. 1 step: saving the Banks st Bank “holiday”—Mar 5th; Emergency Banking Act, passed on Mar 9, 1933. Emergency Closed insolvent banks and reopened solvent ones. Closed FDIC: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation FDIC: Federal Walter Lippman: ”In one week, the nation, which had lost confidence in Walter everything and everybody, has regained confidence in the gov’t and itself.” National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) (NIRA) Recognized that big business was here to Recognized stay. Allowed monopolies and cartels to exist; asked businesses to work together to set minimum wages and prices. Clause 7(a): recognized right of workers to Clause bargain collectively: “employees shall have the right to organize and bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing” their Created the National Recovery Administration Administration Voluntary Compliance Voluntary NRA found unconstitutional in 1935 NRA The U.S. Supreme Court held Title I of the The U.S. Act unconstitutional on May 27, 1935, in Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States. Schechter Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) Agricultural Paid farmers not to grow food in order to raise Paid agricultural prices. Very controversial because so many Americans Very were hungry. 10 million acres of cotton were plowed under, 6 10 million baby pigs killed.” Sec of Ag, Henry Wallace admitted that the US Sec had “the largest wheat surplus and the longest breadlines in its history” breadlines By 1936, farm income had risen by 50%. By Works Progress Administration (WPA): created public sector jobs in construction and the arts in Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC): hired unemployed young men to do forestry and conservation work conservation Critics of the New Deal Critics Although Roosevelt was popular, Although unemployment remained high (above 15%) and many critics blamed FDR and his New Deal. Huey Long (Louisiana) Huey Father Charles Coughlin (The “radio priest) “radio Francis Townsend Francis Roosevelt’s Response: The `Second New Deal’: 1935 `Second Social Security Act, 1935 Social Wagner Act and the Rise of Organized Labor: Created the National Labor Relations Board Board Huge Gains in Organized Labor, especially the creation of the CIO in 1935: from 3 to 10 million unionized workers between 1930 and 1940 between Election of 1936: Creation of the “New Deal Coalition” “New New Deal Coalition New African Americans, working-class, ethnic African whites (including the majority of Catholics and Jews), the solid South” and Political Realignment, which lasted beyond the New Deal beyond New Deal losing momentum by 1937 1937 The “court packing scheme” The “Roosevelt recession,” 1937-1938 Only the mobilization for WWII ended the Great Depression ended Despite the successes of the New Deal, Despite only war-time production got the country fully out of the Great Depression. fully ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/13/2011 for the course HIST 112 taught by Professor Littlefield during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

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