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39 - condenses into clouds They tend to dissipate rapidly...

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Tropical and Equatorial Weather Systems Tropical Cyclones Always form over warm oceans; temperatures >26.5ºC Move towards west through trade-wind belt Usually occur late summer or early autumn; water temperatures are highest Hurricane Northern Atlantic, Eastern Pacific Typhoon North Pacific Cyclone South Pacific, Indian Ocean Tropical cyclones form over tropical oceans between latitudes 5° and 20° Formation is absent along the Equator due to Coriolis Effect Hurricanes: Derive their energy from warm tropical waters and latent heat released as water vapor
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Unformatted text preview: condenses into clouds. They tend to dissipate rapidly when they move from ocean over land due to friction and loss of moisture supply. Tropical and Equatorial Weather Systems Tropical Cyclones • Circular storm center • Extremely low pressure (950 mb) • Intense convergence and uplift • Heavy rainfall • Gains energy through release of latent heat • Eye has clear skies and calm winds • Wind speeds highest in eyewall...
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