Jan 18 - “containment” • Deterrence Cold...

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Legacies of WWI Concert of Europe destabilized Russian, Ottoman & Austro- Hungarian Empires collapse Versailles Treaty – punitive League of Nations – idealism “making the world safe for democracy” U.S. new global power, but isolationist Germany weakened, vulnerable, angry
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League of Nations Collective security Excludes USSR Fails to stop German/ Japanese/Italian expansion Appeasement
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Onward to World War II 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact partitioned Poland Britain & France declare war on Germany June 1941 Germany invades USSR Dec 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor U.S. declares war on Japan, Germany & Italy
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Lessons?
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Origins of the Cold War Moscow Conf 1943 – Churchill-Stalin spheres of influence Yalta 1944 FDR wants UN; USSR wants “friendly governments,” Britain wants independent Poland Bipolar world George F. Kennan –
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Unformatted text preview: “containment” • Deterrence Cold War (continued) • U.S. sheds isolationism • NATO • Marshall Plan, occupation of Germany & Japan • Bretton Woods: GATT, IMF, World Bank Testing of Cold War • Berlin crisis • Cuba Missile Crisis 1962 • Decolonization, proxy wars • Arms races Cold War Stability • Mutual Assured Destruction • Hotline • Exchanges, détente 1970s Internal Challenges in Soviet Bloc • Hungary 1956. Prague Spring 1968 • Gorbachev 1985-1991 – Glasnost – Perestroika – Democratization • Berlin Wall falls – 1989 • Soviet Union falls apart - 1991 Now What? • Yugoslavia fragments • USSR fragments • Troubled transitions to democracy • EU enlarges to 27 • Unipolar world? Post – Cold War • New Challenges • 9/11 & Economic crisis Lessons?...
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This note was uploaded on 06/14/2011 for the course POLI 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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Jan 18 - “containment” • Deterrence Cold...

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