Apr 12 rev - Global Challenges: Crime, Environment, Health...

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Global Challenges: Crime, Environment, Health
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Transnational Crime Transnational crime: $300b per year, equal to global oil trade Criminal organizations are sophisticated transnational businesses Enforcement agencies are national and fragmented Break down in state capacity in fragile/failing states creates safe havens
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Drug Trade Est. 321b per year globally Mexico drug trade 4x oil trade to US Drives out domestic production of food, farmers don’t benefit Leads to corruption, money-laundering Leads to other types of illicit trade: stolen automobiles, weapons, trafficking in humans, and human organs
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Other problems areas Blood diamonds (Angola, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, DRC, Rep. Congo) Kimberley Process Certification regime Endangered species (tigers, elephants) Human trafficking $42b per yr. 25m people Arms trafficking Auto theft Child labor
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Illicit Trade and Terrorism Financing terrorist activities Trafficking networks, making borders more easy to penetrate Arms smuggling, trafficking
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This note was uploaded on 06/14/2011 for the course POLI 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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Apr 12 rev - Global Challenges: Crime, Environment, Health...

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