Feb 3 - International Relations& Democratic Peace Theory...

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Unformatted text preview: International Relations & Democratic Peace Theory 1 Level of Analysis Which influences the behavior of states more, the international system or the states themselves? (Later we will ask the questions of how important is the role of individuals in influencing the behavior of states—Ch. 6) 2 Democratic Peace Theory The simple model: Democracies are more peaceful in general. The dyadic model: Democracies don’t fight democracies. 3 Are democracies more Are peaceful? peaceful? Public sentiment against war Authoritarian leaders use wars as a distraction or to build nationalistic support But the evidence doesn’t support the hypothesis. 4 Democracies don’t fight other Democracies democracies democracies Democracies respect other democracies Shared identity and norms Imbedded in a network of interdependencies The political costs are too high Democracies usually have more developed militaries, making the stakes too high 5 Democratization How do you define “democracy”? How can democracy be promoted? Woodrow Wilson and the League of Nations Post­WWII “zone of peace” Post­Soviet “Third Wave of Democratization” 6 Rice: “Transformational Diplomacy” Rice: 2006 2006 January 2008 7 Lessons Learned in Iraq and Lessons Afghanistan Afghanistan “Regime change” is seen as a threat to traditional power centers Not all countries are ready for democracy Forms of democracy may differ Introducing democracy may have destabilizing effects 8 Difficult Questions Difficult Where are we most likely to see conflict in coming years? Will efforts at democratic promotion prevent them? Is it acceptable for a society to democratically choose not the be democratic? Should outside states intervene to prevent this? 9 ...
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