Unformatted text preview: International Relations
Democratic Peace Theory 1 Level of Analysis
Which influences the behavior of states more, the international system or the states themselves? (Later we will ask the questions of how important is the role of individuals in influencing the behavior of states—Ch. 6)
2 Democratic Peace Theory
The simple model: Democracies are more peaceful in general.
The dyadic model: Democracies don’t fight democracies. 3 Are democracies more
peaceful? Public sentiment against war
Authoritarian leaders use wars as a distraction or to build nationalistic support But the evidence doesn’t support the hypothesis. 4 Democracies don’t fight other
democracies Democracies respect other democracies
Shared identity and norms
Imbedded in a network of interdependencies
The political costs are too high
Democracies usually have more developed militaries, making the stakes too high
How do you define “democracy”?
How can democracy be promoted?
Woodrow Wilson and the League of Nations
PostWWII “zone of peace”
PostSoviet “Third Wave of Democratization” 6 Rice: “Transformational Diplomacy”
2006 January 2008 7 Lessons Learned in Iraq and
Afghanistan “Regime change” is seen as a threat to traditional power centers
Not all countries are ready for democracy
Forms of democracy may differ
Introducing democracy may have destabilizing effects
8 Difficult Questions
Difficult Where are we most likely to see conflict in coming years?
Will efforts at democratic promotion prevent them?
Is it acceptable for a society to democratically choose not the be democratic? Should outside states intervene to prevent this?
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