Paraphrase and Analysis short

Paraphrase and Analysis short - Paraphrase versus Analysis...

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Paraphrase versus Analysis To paraphrase is to retell a passage’s message or plot in your own words. It’s important to be able to paraphrase in order to figure out what your passage, story, or poem means. But a literary paper then goes much further. It relies mostly upon analysis of the author’s word choices to support its argument. Analysis focuses on how the author makes a point--on the style and form of a passage, looking intensely at its language and logic. To analyze is to ask why a certain device (e.g., an image, a setting detail, a speaker’s choice of words) occurs in the writing. What effect does it have on the reader? What purpose does it serve in the narrative? How would the text change if a different choice had been made? Ex.1. From Frankenstein : Passage: ". ..the moon gazed on my midnight labours, while, with unrelaxed and breathless eagerness, I pursued nature to her hiding-places. Who shall conceive the horrors of my secret toil, as I dabbled among the unhallowed damps of the grave, or tortured the living animal to animate the lifeless clay? My limbs now tremble, and my eyes swim with the remembrance; but then a resistless, and almost frantic, impulse, urged me forward" (32-33). Paraphrase answers the question of “What is the passage about?” Paraphrase : In this passage on pages 32-33, Dr. Frankenstein works by moonlight in his enthusiasm to explore nature. At the same time, he also finds his work horrible as he digs up graves and experiments upon live animal bodies in order to make a corpse live again. This memory will later make him shudder, but at the time he seems driven to continue. Analysis answers the questions of “What is the effect of the actual language?” and “Why is this important?” Analysis : In this passage on pages 32-33, Dr. Frankenstein's experiments are given strong sexual overtones. His "midnight labours" make his body "tremble" as he remembers the "hiding-places" of a feminized Nature. Yet his interest in Nature involves “the grave” rather than the womb, the "tortur[e]" of the living in favor of "lifeless clay." The word “unhallowed” to describe his digging sites also shows him working against his own religious teachings. What purpose might this imagery serve in the narrative? In this description, Mary Shelley already suggests Frankenstein's flaws as a creator, his hatred of a natural vitality he cannot control. Ex.2. From "Recalling Cinderella": Passage: Raina states that "I was in a white bed in a white room and a large woman was removing a tube from my wrist" (101). Paraphrase : Raina's first memories are of a hospital room (101).
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Analysis (from a student’s essay): Fowler highlights Raina's development through the use of color. Her first memory is of a "white bed in a white room" (101), symbolizing the blankness that initially characterizes her personality. Ex.3.
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Paraphrase and Analysis short - Paraphrase versus Analysis...

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