June 7 2011 - Domestic Actors Society Government and...

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Unformatted text preview: Domestic Actors: Society, Government, and Individuals in Foreign Policy Decision Making Outline - Controversy: Do Leaders Make Difference in world politics, if so how? - How to Study Foreign Policy?- Societal Influences on Foreign Policy- Rational Decision Making- Governmental Decision Making- Small Group Interaction- Individual Perceptions and Beliefs, Personal Characters, and Human Physiology- Articles from Allison’s Cuban Missile Crisis (1969) and Hermann and Hagan’s Leadership Matters (1998) Key Questions • How do national interests and priorities form in domestic level? • To what extent do public opinions matter in foreign policy? • Why is rationality important in decision making process? • What are the key aspects of Allison’s three decision making models? • What are the three dimensions of decision cube? • How does small group interactions influence decision making? • Why individual perceptions and beliefs important in understanding decision making process? How to Study Foreign Policy? • FP is a guide to actions taken beyond the boundaries of the state to further the goals of the state • Need to study FP – both formulation and implementation – comparatively – Look for patterns of behavior associated with different types of states under different conditions and within different context • Key Issues in FP process – Identifying the important DM units – Looking at how individuals and groups perceive FP problems and conditions – Describing the dynamics of interaction between groups of DMers FP Objectives, National Interests, and Priorities • Goals and Objectives – How best the objectives ought to be pursued – Governments often pursue objectives that are incompatible with other policy objectives – Realist stress military and security, liberals focus on the long-term economic and social welfare • National Interests and Priorities – Within any given nation-state, different individuals, groups, and classes have different interests – It is important to ask whose particular interests are reflected in any particular governmental policy – We must break away from the notion of a unitary state to know about national priorities or how they will be pursued Societal Influences on Foreign Policy • Two-level games: departure from Realist unitary actor assumption – Linkages between domestic and international politics – Societal support can enhance leaders’ willingness to act • Political and Strategic Culture –...
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June 7 2011 - Domestic Actors Society Government and...

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