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Unformatted text preview: Domestic Actors: Society, Government, and Individuals in Foreign Policy Decision Making Outline - Controversy: Do Leaders Make Difference in world politics, if so how? - How to Study Foreign Policy?- Societal Influences on Foreign Policy- Rational Decision Making- Governmental Decision Making- Small Group Interaction- Individual Perceptions and Beliefs, Personal Characters, and Human Physiology- Articles from Allisons Cuban Missile Crisis (1969) and Hermann and Hagans Leadership Matters (1998) Key Questions How do national interests and priorities form in domestic level? To what extent do public opinions matter in foreign policy? Why is rationality important in decision making process? What are the key aspects of Allisons three decision making models? What are the three dimensions of decision cube? How does small group interactions influence decision making? Why individual perceptions and beliefs important in understanding decision making process? How to Study Foreign Policy? FP is a guide to actions taken beyond the boundaries of the state to further the goals of the state Need to study FP both formulation and implementation comparatively Look for patterns of behavior associated with different types of states under different conditions and within different context Key Issues in FP process Identifying the important DM units Looking at how individuals and groups perceive FP problems and conditions Describing the dynamics of interaction between groups of DMers FP Objectives, National Interests, and Priorities Goals and Objectives How best the objectives ought to be pursued Governments often pursue objectives that are incompatible with other policy objectives Realist stress military and security, liberals focus on the long-term economic and social welfare National Interests and Priorities Within any given nation-state, different individuals, groups, and classes have different interests It is important to ask whose particular interests are reflected in any particular governmental policy We must break away from the notion of a unitary state to know about national priorities or how they will be pursued Societal Influences on Foreign Policy Two-level games: departure from Realist unitary actor assumption Linkages between domestic and international politics Societal support can enhance leaders willingness to act Political and Strategic Culture...
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- Summer '11