Lecture 1 - What is criminal justice

Lecture 1 - What is criminal justice - Chapter 1 Crime In...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 Crime In America Outline Defining criminal justice Major components Major steps (arrest to imprisonment) Criminal Justice vs. Criminology Whats criminal justice? Study of the agencies of formal social control that handle offenders Whats criminology? Scientific study of the etiology (origin), extent, & nature of crime in society Goals of Criminal Justice (1) Control & prevent crime Outcome orientation Reduce crime through punishment & deterrence (2) Promote fairness & due process Process orientation Establish rules & preserve individual rights at all stages of the CJS Goals of Criminal Justice (cont.) Tension between controlling crime/safety & promoting fairness/freedom The legitimacy of the CJS is determined by its success at balancing both goals Too much crime control = repressive system Too much fairness = no offender accountability Criminal Justice System The agencies charged with enforcing the law at each of stage of the justice process. C o p s C o u rts C o rre c tio n s T h e C rim in a l J u s tic e S ys te m Major Components the 3 Cs The agencies charged with enforcing the law at each of stage of the justice process. Two perspectives on how the 3 Cs interact: Conflict Model Agencies are self-serving and compete for limited resources There is not an actual criminal justice system Functionalist Model Agencies work together toward a common goal of controlling crime and reducing its burden on society A complex system that works toward a common goal...
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This note was uploaded on 06/13/2011 for the course CRJU 101 taught by Professor Clement during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

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Lecture 1 - What is criminal justice - Chapter 1 Crime In...

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