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01.01.1
Chapter 01.01
Introduction to Numerical Methods
After reading this chapter, you should be able to:
1.
understand the need for numerical methods, and
2.
go through the stages (mathematical modeling, solving and implementation) of
solving a particular physical problem.
Mathematical models are an integral part in solving engineering problems.
Many times,
these mathematical models are derived from engineering and science principles, while at
other times the models may be obtained from experimental data.
Mathematical models generally result in need of using mathematical procedures that
include but are not limited to
(A)
differentiation,
(B)
nonlinear equations,
(C)
simultaneous linear equations,
(D)
curve fitting by interpolation or regression,
(E)
integration, and
(F)
differential equations.
These mathematical procedures may be suitable to be solved exactly as you must have
experienced in the series of calculus courses you have taken, but in most cases, the
procedures need to be solved approximately using numerical methods.
Let us see an
example of such a need from a real-life physical problem.
To make the fulcrum (Figure 1) of a bascule bridge, a long hollow steel shaft called
the trunnion is shrink fit into a steel hub. The resulting steel trunnion-hub assembly is then
shrink fit into the girder of the bridge.
Figure 1
Trunnion-Hub-Girder (THG) assembly.
Trunnion
Hub
Girder

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