flight2 - Voisin Brothers 1908 Voisin Box-Kite Biplane u...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Voisin Brothers 1908 Voisin Box-Kite Biplane u Separate Mainplane & Tailplane u u Louis Bleriot Flew English Channel u July 25, 1909 u L 1,000 From 1,000 English Newspaper u Monoplane u Set Stage For 30 Years u Radial Engine u t 1909 t 3 Cylinder Anzani t Wooden Prop. Fundamental Ingredients u Fixed Wing Concept t Cayley (1799) u Cambered Wing Sections For Main Lifting t Cayley (1799), Wenham (1851), Phillips (1884) u High Aspect Ratio Wings t Wenham (1866) u Trussed Biplane Structure t Hargrave (1893), Chanute (1896), Wrights (1903) u Wire Braced Monoplane Structure Fundamental Ingredients u Longitudinal Stability (Pitch) t Tandem Horizontal Surfaces With Long. Dihedral w u Directional Stability (Yaw) t Fixed Vertical Tail Surface w u Lateral Stability (Roll) t Setting Mainplanes At Dihedral Angle w t Henson (1841), Lilienthal (1891), Bleriot (1907), EsnaultEsnault-Pelterie (1907) Fundamental Ingredients u Longitudinal Control (Pitch) t Rear Elevator Surfaces w t Front Elevator Surfaces w Control (Yaw) t Rudder Surfaces w u Practical Piloting Experience t Gliding t Powered w u Light Control (Roll) t Wing Warping w t Ailerons w To Reduce Drag t Cayley (1804) w u Directional u Lateral Fundamental Ingredients u Streamline & Powerful Engine t Langley (1903), Wrights (1903) u Airscrew For Propulsion t Blanchard (1784), Cayley (1809) u Undercarriage - Takeoff & Landing t Henson (1841), Pilcher (1896), Wrights (1903) 1 Military & Commercial Appls . Appls. u World Records (1913) - Frenchmen t Length - Seguin (634 miles) t Height - Legagneaux (20,079 ft) t Speed - Prevost (127 mph) u Flying World War I u WW I - August 1914 Airplanes Built In Four Years u By End Of War - 400hp Engines u Multi-Engine Airplanes u 200,000 t Germany & France Boat - Benoist (1914) t First Passenger Service u Construction w t Wright-Curtiss Co. Wright-Curtiss w u Sikorsky (1914) u Cantilever Wing - Above Fuselage t Professor Hugo Junkers - Patent (1910) t Four 100hp Mercedes Engines - 16 Passengers Classic WW I Biplane u Materials t Germany - Metal t France & England - Wood Inter-War Years Royal Aircraft Association t B.E.2E (1916) Radial Engine u Biplane u t Too Stable t Too Slow u Airplanes, Crew & Mechanics Available t Commercial Aviation - Passenger Service u Converted u Armstrong Wartime Bombers Whitworth Argosy (1927) t Biplane - Three 400 hp Jaguar Engine w t 20 Passengers u Three Engine Preference - Safety t One Engine Couldn’t Maintain Altitude London To Paris First Passenger Service (1919) u Converted Bomber - Handley Page O/7 u Limited Ground Facilities Inter-War Years u u Speed Records Were Pursued t Schneider Trophy Contests t American Curtiss R3C-2 (1925) - 232.6 mph t Italian Macchi M.39 (1926) - 246.5 mph t British Supermarine S.5 (1927) - 281.7 mph t British Supermarine S.6 (1929) - 328.6 mph t British Supermarine S.6B (1931) - 340.1 mph w t Contest Ended 2 British Supermarine S.6 u u Rolls-Royce Engine - 1900 hp Entire Surface Of Plane Used As Radiator Modern Airliner u Boeing 247 - 1933 t All-Metal - Stresses Skin Principle t Two Engines - Each Could Maintain Altitude t Engine Cowlings - Cooling & Aerodynamic t Retractable Undercarriage t 155 mph u Douglas DC-2 t 14 Passengers u Douglas DC-3 (1936) t 21 Passengers Modern Airliner u Douglas DC-3 (1936) t “Greatest Plane Ever Built !!!!!!!!!” World War II u At Outbreak (1939) t Front Line Fighters & Bombers w w w w w t Supermarine Spitfire Mark I (1939) w w World War II u Supermarine Spitfire Mark 22 (1942) t Rolls-Royce Griffon Engine - 2050 hp t Five Bladed Airscrew t Supercharged t 457 mph At 25,000 feet Howard Hughes u Held Every Flight Record In World (1937) Tried To Sell H-1 To Goverment As Fighter u Nearly Identical To Japanese Zero u t P-51 Mustang & Corsair 3 Howard Hughes D-2 - Test Flight 1943 u D-2 Was Larger Twin Engine Fighter u Government Adopted Lockheed P-38 Lightning u Howard Hughes D-5 Was Second Version Of D-2 u Government Contract From Roosevelt (1943) - XF-11 u Photo-Reconnaissance - War Ended u World War II u Bombers - Slow Progress t Vickers Wellington I (1939) w w t Avro Lancaster 3 (1944) w w t De Havilland Mosquito w w t B-17, B-27, etc. 4 ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 06/12/2011 for the course EGN 3000 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at University of South Florida.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online