flight2

flight2 - Voisin Brothers 1908 Voisin Box-Kite Biplane u...

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Unformatted text preview: Voisin Brothers 1908 Voisin Box-Kite Biplane u Separate Mainplane & Tailplane u u Louis Bleriot Flew English Channel u July 25, 1909 u L 1,000 From 1,000 English Newspaper u Monoplane u Set Stage For 30 Years u Radial Engine u t 1909 t 3 Cylinder Anzani t Wooden Prop. Fundamental Ingredients u Fixed Wing Concept t Cayley (1799) u Cambered Wing Sections For Main Lifting t Cayley (1799), Wenham (1851), Phillips (1884) u High Aspect Ratio Wings t Wenham (1866) u Trussed Biplane Structure t Hargrave (1893), Chanute (1896), Wrights (1903) u Wire Braced Monoplane Structure Fundamental Ingredients u Longitudinal Stability (Pitch) t Tandem Horizontal Surfaces With Long. Dihedral w u Directional Stability (Yaw) t Fixed Vertical Tail Surface w u Lateral Stability (Roll) t Setting Mainplanes At Dihedral Angle w t Henson (1841), Lilienthal (1891), Bleriot (1907), EsnaultEsnault-Pelterie (1907) Fundamental Ingredients u Longitudinal Control (Pitch) t Rear Elevator Surfaces w t Front Elevator Surfaces w Control (Yaw) t Rudder Surfaces w u Practical Piloting Experience t Gliding t Powered w u Light Control (Roll) t Wing Warping w t Ailerons w To Reduce Drag t Cayley (1804) w u Directional u Lateral Fundamental Ingredients u Streamline & Powerful Engine t Langley (1903), Wrights (1903) u Airscrew For Propulsion t Blanchard (1784), Cayley (1809) u Undercarriage - Takeoff & Landing t Henson (1841), Pilcher (1896), Wrights (1903) 1 Military & Commercial Appls . Appls. u World Records (1913) - Frenchmen t Length - Seguin (634 miles) t Height - Legagneaux (20,079 ft) t Speed - Prevost (127 mph) u Flying World War I u WW I - August 1914 Airplanes Built In Four Years u By End Of War - 400hp Engines u Multi-Engine Airplanes u 200,000 t Germany & France Boat - Benoist (1914) t First Passenger Service u Construction w t Wright-Curtiss Co. Wright-Curtiss w u Sikorsky (1914) u Cantilever Wing - Above Fuselage t Professor Hugo Junkers - Patent (1910) t Four 100hp Mercedes Engines - 16 Passengers Classic WW I Biplane u Materials t Germany - Metal t France & England - Wood Inter-War Years Royal Aircraft Association t B.E.2E (1916) Radial Engine u Biplane u t Too Stable t Too Slow u Airplanes, Crew & Mechanics Available t Commercial Aviation - Passenger Service u Converted u Armstrong Wartime Bombers Whitworth Argosy (1927) t Biplane - Three 400 hp Jaguar Engine w t 20 Passengers u Three Engine Preference - Safety t One Engine Couldn’t Maintain Altitude London To Paris First Passenger Service (1919) u Converted Bomber - Handley Page O/7 u Limited Ground Facilities Inter-War Years u u Speed Records Were Pursued t Schneider Trophy Contests t American Curtiss R3C-2 (1925) - 232.6 mph t Italian Macchi M.39 (1926) - 246.5 mph t British Supermarine S.5 (1927) - 281.7 mph t British Supermarine S.6 (1929) - 328.6 mph t British Supermarine S.6B (1931) - 340.1 mph w t Contest Ended 2 British Supermarine S.6 u u Rolls-Royce Engine - 1900 hp Entire Surface Of Plane Used As Radiator Modern Airliner u Boeing 247 - 1933 t All-Metal - Stresses Skin Principle t Two Engines - Each Could Maintain Altitude t Engine Cowlings - Cooling & Aerodynamic t Retractable Undercarriage t 155 mph u Douglas DC-2 t 14 Passengers u Douglas DC-3 (1936) t 21 Passengers Modern Airliner u Douglas DC-3 (1936) t “Greatest Plane Ever Built !!!!!!!!!” World War II u At Outbreak (1939) t Front Line Fighters & Bombers w w w w w t Supermarine Spitfire Mark I (1939) w w World War II u Supermarine Spitfire Mark 22 (1942) t Rolls-Royce Griffon Engine - 2050 hp t Five Bladed Airscrew t Supercharged t 457 mph At 25,000 feet Howard Hughes u Held Every Flight Record In World (1937) Tried To Sell H-1 To Goverment As Fighter u Nearly Identical To Japanese Zero u t P-51 Mustang & Corsair 3 Howard Hughes D-2 - Test Flight 1943 u D-2 Was Larger Twin Engine Fighter u Government Adopted Lockheed P-38 Lightning u Howard Hughes D-5 Was Second Version Of D-2 u Government Contract From Roosevelt (1943) - XF-11 u Photo-Reconnaissance - War Ended u World War II u Bombers - Slow Progress t Vickers Wellington I (1939) w w t Avro Lancaster 3 (1944) w w t De Havilland Mosquito w w t B-17, B-27, etc. 4 ...
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