Minority Inventors - AFRICAN-AMERICANS Minority Inventors...

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1 Minority Inventors African-Americans, Women, and Hispanics(?) who have Contributed to the Development of Technology AFRICAN-AMERICANS •Elijah McCoy •Granville T. Woods •Lewis Latimer •Garret A. Morgan •Frederick M. Jones Elijah McCoy Born in Ontario, Canada – Son of runaway slaves. International Patents – Great Britain – France – Austria – Germany – Russia Mechanical Eng. Apprentice – Edinburgh, Scotland Drip Cup Patented 1872 Over 57 patents Elijah McCoy Manufacturing Firm – opened to market and improve inventions Granville T. Woods Born in 1856 TRAINING – Technical School for Electrical and Mechanical Engineering – 2 yrs as engineer aboard British Steamer Ironsides Inventions – Dynamotor- regulated electric motor – Induction telegraph - communicate to and from moving trains – Electro-mechanical brake – Electric railway conduit Patents – Over 50 Patents - Control and Distribution of Electricity – Woods Railway Telegraph Co.- Cincinnati, Ohio
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2 Lewis Latimer Member of Edison Pioneers – group of distinguished scientists and inventors who worked for Edison Joined navy at age 15 Worked for a Patent Office – learned to draft “LIKE THE LIGHT OF THE SUN IT BEAUTIFIES ALLTHINGS ON WHICH IT SHINES, AND IS NO LESS WELCOME IN THE PALACE THAN IN THE HUMBLEST HOME Filament Electric lamp with cheap filament Helped Edison light up the world “Incandescent Electric Lighting” book was a guide for lighting engineers Garrett Augustus Morgan Born in 1877 (died 1963) Opens Sewing Machine Company (1907) Opens Tailoring Shop 1909 – invented first hair straightening cream G. A. Morgan Refining Company (1913) – Formed to sell the cream. Still open today “The Cleveland Call” (1920) – Black newspaper – Now called the Cleveland Call and Post Patented the de-curling comb Gas Mask Patented the breathing device later called the gas mask (1914) Upper Tube – Exhale Lower Tube – Inhale air from the floor where there was the least amount of smoke. – Tube close to floor wetted to allow cool air and keep dust out. – Tunnel under lake Erie traps 200 men. Morgan and brother use gas mask to save them. Traffic Signal • Patented 1923 • T-shaped poll with 3 positions: – Stop – Go – All directional stop • Run by hand mechanism near base • Used all over the world Frederick McKinley Jones Born in 1892 (died 1962) Sergeant in the U.S. Army (WW1) and served in France as an electrician. Elected member of the American Society of Refrigeration Engineers (1944)
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3 Patents Over 60 patents – 40 which dealt with the refrigeration system Invented and patented a ticket-dispensing machine for movie houses (1939) Patented first automatic cooling system for trucks (1943) – Started the US Thermo Control Company Other patents included: – Automatically Starting and Stopping Gas Engine
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This note was uploaded on 06/12/2011 for the course EGN 3000 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at University of South Florida - Tampa.

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Minority Inventors - AFRICAN-AMERICANS Minority Inventors...

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