rail2 - Increased Speed u Average u Great Speed - 20 to 25...

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Unformatted text preview: Increased Speed u Average u Great Speed - 20 to 25 mph (1835) Western Railway t 35 to 40 mph, 7’ Gauge u Large Wheels t Stephenson - 7.8’ to 10’ Diameter Driving Wheel u Larger North Star Stephenson (1830s) u Cylinder u t 16” Diameter, 16” Stroke Built For Paris-Orleans Line, 1843 7’ Wheels u 21 tons u Heating Surface u t 711 sq. ft. sq. Boilers t 1829 Rocket - 6’ t 1832 Bury - 8’ t 1845 Long Boiler - 12’ u Pulled t 80 tons At 30.5 mph t 45 tons At 38.5 mph u French Copy Of Stephenson’s Fifty Built (1840-1845) Crampton Conceived By Thomas Crampton In England Built By Derosne & Cail In France (1849) u Larger Driving Wheels Behind Boiler - Lower Boiler u Cylinder (15” Diameter, 22” Stroke) u Boiler Pressure (10 psi ) psi) u 20 Years u u u u Taylor (1837) Built For Paris-SaintGermain Line Engerth t 25 hp Of Seguin To 400 hp Of Crampton France Wilheim Engerth (1853) 3% Grade u 10 Wheels u Austria u u t 3215’ Semmering Pass 1 Passenger Coaches 1830s - Adaptation of Stagecoaches u 1840s - First Specially Designed u t Leaf Springs & Wood Frame u 1850s t Reinforced Metal Frame t Comfort Was Addressed u 1860s - Interior Lighting t Oil Lamps, t Kerosene Lamps, t Compressed Gas Brakes u Wooden Rails Offered Resistance u Tightening Brakeshoes On Felly Or Band u Only Locomotive (Mid 1840s) u Selected Cars Had Brakepeople (1850s) u Vacuum Brake u More Weight & Speed t All Cars Had Brakepeople t Delay Time From Hand Signals u George Westinghouse (1869) t Compressed Air Brakes (Continued) Signaling u Manually (1837) t Handheld Red flag Or Lantern With Red Lights u Telegraph On London-Blackwell Line (1840) u Red Discs To Show Track Status (1843) u Vignier (1844) t Push/Pull Interlocking System Signaling (Continued) Pneumatic Railroads u Danish Engineer Medhurst (1810) t Suggested Pneumatic System u Around 1840 t Pumping Stations Were Tried u First Pneumatic Railroad (1844) t Ireland, 1.75 miles u 2’ Diameter Piston Moved Along Tube Sealed With a Leather Tongue 2 Pneumatic Railroads (Continued) Development of Railroads u Cost u Great Britain u France u United States Average Cost (1852) Great Britain Liverpool-Manchester Line Per Per Kilometer In Francs Great Britain France Belgium Germany United States 570,000 390,000 270,000 201,000 96,500 Year Passengers Tonnage 1831 445,047 108,180 1832 356,956 159,450 1833 386,492 194,704 • • • • France France Year Miles 1828 France France (1837) 10 1840 264 1850 1788 • • 3 France (1846) France (1851) France (1856) United States Year 1830 1840 1850 1860 Miles 23 2,818 9,000 30,600 4 ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/12/2011 for the course EGN 3000 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at University of South Florida - Tampa.

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