12 - o Most calls related to predator/ danger or food o But...

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Evolution of Language What kind of communication did hominins have? When did language evolve? Why? Lines of evidence: o Contemporary nonhuman primate behavior o Fossil record of anatomical changes o Comparative genetics Primate Communication Humans have open communication system: o Ideas expressed in units of meaning o Sounds and words are arbitrary o Infinitely variable communication Primates have closed communication system: o Calls and signs have specific meanings o Calls aren’t combined to make new meaning
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Unformatted text preview: o Most calls related to predator/ danger or food o But nonhuman primates can be taught open communication systems Washoe (1966 – 2007) • Chimp taught ASL, raised like human child • Picked up on signs that weren’t directly taught and put signs together to create new meaning (350+) • Recognized herself in mirror Kanzi (1980 - ) • Male bonobo learned to use lexigram board by watching mother • Understands spoken English and some ASL • Created new vocalizations...
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This note was uploaded on 06/12/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Scarre during the Spring '07 term at UNC.

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12 - o Most calls related to predator/ danger or food o But...

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