P16_S&C_Hannibal and his Army

P16_S&C_Hannibal and his Army - Hannibal and his...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 6/14/11 Hannibal and his Army
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6/14/11 Carthage Carthage founded 814 B.C.E. as one of the colonies established by the Phoenician city-state of Tyre in an effort to expand her influence (Sicily, Spain, North Africa).
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6/14/11 Carthage
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6/14/11
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6/14/11 Carthage (in Phoenician kart-hadasht = “New City”)
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6/14/11 Carthage possessed a constitution: First three centuries followed Phoenician model: non-hereditary monarchy, kings elected by a powerful oligarchy of merchant princes.
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6/14/11 4th century: oligarchic republican regime with dual magistracy shofets (in Latin suffetes ) = judges (in Hebrew). Gerousia = Grand Council, with inner permanent committee of thirty elders.
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A high court of 104 judges selected for life by a college of pentarchs . Popular assembly of all citizens who met minimum property requirements. All offices reserved for aristocracy
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P16_S&C_Hannibal and his Army - Hannibal and his...

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