P2_Sport&Combat_Origins

P2_Sport&Combat_Origins - Sport and Combat in the...

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6/14/11 Sport and Combat in the The Origins of Warfare and Sport in Early Societies with a view to Modern Parallels: Two questions: How and when did men first begin
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6/14/11 Warfare Is warfare grounded in human nature? Is intraspecific violence genetically determined?
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6/14/11 Robert Ardrey 1908-1980
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6/14/11 Man, the killer ape?
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6/14/11
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6/14/11 Ardrey’s argument In the early 1960s zoologists believed that chimpanzees, our closest living relatives from a genetic standpoint, were peace loving, non-violent, non-territorial vegetarians. Ardrey theorized that our ancestors’ adoption of meat eating and hunting had transformed them into killer apes, who then began to prey on their own species.
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6/14/11 Raymond Dart 1893-1988
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6/14/11
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6/14/11
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6/14/11 Taung child In 1924, Dart found the discovery that made him famous. Dart was working with his students in the Taung limestone works in the Harts Valley in Bechuanaland. First, an endocranial cast was found, which seemed at first to be just another primate skull. Then, Dart noticed how amazingly humanlike it looked. 73 days of grueling chipping and digging, which paid off in the end. Raymond Dart had discovered the Taung child, who was only three years old at the time of death. He named it
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6/14/11
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6/14/11 Australopithecus Africanus 2-2.5 million years ago
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6/14/11 Head wounds Raymond Dart had interpreted trauma to some australopithecus’ skulls as weapon inflicted. This was the evidence Ardrey used to develop his theory.
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6/14/11 Our New View Since the 1960s we know much more about the Australopithecines: They were vegetarians. No stone tools have been discovered with their remains. Presumably they did not use stone tools. Celebrated skull wounds seem to have been caused by a leopard.
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6/14/11 A Difficult Problem Aggression and killing: It is very difficult to determine when human beings first started to kill one another. The anthropological/ archeological record does not precisely give us any indication as to the point in time in which human beings displayed intraspecific aggression that became lethal.
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6/14/11
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6/14/11 Early Hominids as Hunters (and Killers) S. L. Washburn, an anthropologist, and Desmond Morris, a zoologist and author of the best-selling book, The Naked Ape (1967): Theorized that hominids became killers with the adoption of hunting and meat eating.
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6/14/11 Sherwood L. Washburn (1911-2000).
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6/14/11 Desmond Morris 1928-
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P2_Sport&Combat_Origins - Sport and Combat in the...

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