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LectureIranContraFinal(97-2004)

LectureIranContraFinal(97-2004) - History 112 November 17...

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History 112 November, 17 2010 Mr. Crumpton [email protected]
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The Iran-Contra Scandal
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Iran-Contra Defined The clandestine sale of weapons to Iran . The funds raised from these sales were used to supply the Contras in Nicaragua who opposed the socialist Sandinista regime. Straddled the Cold War Era and the contemporary era of US intervention in the Mid-East. Greatly shaped by Reagan’s foreign policy
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American Intervention in Nicaragua The US has had a long history in Nicaragua. Marines occupied Nicaragua from 1912- 1933 to ensure American access to agricultural goods. (Banana Republic) Augusto Sandino led a guerilla war against US Marines during this period of time.
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The Somoza Dictatorship 1939-1979 Supported by the US Closely aligned with the Guardia Nacional (National Guard) many of whom later became members of the Contra fighting force. Actually three generations of the Somoza family the ruled Nicaragua during this period. Became Increasingly repressive
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Sandinista Revolution, 1979 Continued dissatisfaction among Nicaraguan farmers and workers led to a widespread movement against Somoza in the 1970s. Using the symbol of Sandino, who fought against perceived oppression, the Sandinistas formed the Frente Sandinista de Liberacion Nacional ( FSLN ).
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