Chapter 20 Biotechnology

Chapter 20 Biotechnology - Chapter 20 Biotechnology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 20 Biotechnology BIOTECHNOLOGY definitions 0. The application of technology to natural biological processes 1. The use of living organisms to create, produce or to facilitate processes 2. The manipulation of organisms or their components to make useful products Categories of biotechnology 1- PCR process 0. Use of technology to replicate DNA 1. Amplify amount of DNA 2- Forensics biotechnology 2. Identifying victims 3. Identifying criminals 4. DNA database 3-Transgenic biotechnology 0. Splicing of DNA from one species to another 1. Gene taken from human and inserted into bacterium 0. To make insulin 1. Bacterium became the transgenic organism 0. Genomes carry genes from other species - Pharm animals 2. Gene from peanut inserted into corn 2. To make it a complete protein 3. Corn becomes a genetically modified organism (GMO) 0. Transgenic organisms – Genetic engineering in plants 4. Soybeans and corn 1. Packaging labels - Contains no GMO genetically modified organisms =- one that acquired genes by artificially means 4- Reproductive cloning 5. Sheep 6. Human 5- Personalized medicine 7. Insert correct gene to treat cystic fibrosis 8. Insert gene to produce insulin for diabetes 6-Microarray 7-Genetic Engineering Tools of Biotechnology 0. PCR 1. Electrophoresis 2. Restriction enzymes 3. Cloning Vectors 4. Techniques to form recombinants Recombinants formed by 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
3. Natural genetic processes 0. mutations and genetic recombination 4. Manipulation of DNA in vitro 1. modify specific genes and move them between organisms such as bacteria, plants, animals 2. Use in medicine, agriculture and criminal law Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) 0. 1983 by Kary Mullis with a California Biotech firm 1. Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1993 2. Amplification 3. Heat to separate 4. Add DNA polymerase, primer, nucleotides 5. Repeat cycles to produce more from a small amount Uses of PCR 6. Amplify amount of DNA for identification of victims, criminals
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

Chapter 20 Biotechnology - Chapter 20 Biotechnology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online