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Chapter 20 Biotechnology

Chapter 20 Biotechnology - Chapter 20 Biotechnology...

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Chapter 20 Biotechnology BIOTECHNOLOGY definitions 0. The application of technology to natural biological processes 1. The use of living organisms to create, produce or to facilitate processes 2. The manipulation of organisms or their components to make useful products Categories of biotechnology 1- PCR process 0. Use of technology to replicate DNA 1. Amplify amount of DNA 2- Forensics biotechnology 2. Identifying victims 3. Identifying criminals 4. DNA database 3-Transgenic biotechnology 0. Splicing of DNA from one species to another 1. Gene taken from human and inserted into bacterium 0. To make insulin 1. Bacterium became the transgenic organism 0. Genomes carry genes from other species - Pharm animals 2. Gene from peanut inserted into corn 2. To make it a complete protein 3. Corn becomes a genetically modified organism (GMO) 0. Transgenic organisms – Genetic engineering in plants 4. Soybeans and corn 1. Packaging labels - Contains no GMO genetically modified organisms =- one that acquired genes by artificially means 4- Reproductive cloning 5. Sheep 6. Human 5- Personalized medicine 7. Insert correct gene to treat cystic fibrosis 8. Insert gene to produce insulin for diabetes 6-Microarray 7-Genetic Engineering Tools of Biotechnology 0. PCR 1. Electrophoresis 2. Restriction enzymes 3. Cloning Vectors 4. Techniques to form recombinants Recombinants formed by 1
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3. Natural genetic processes 0. mutations and genetic recombination 4. Manipulation of DNA in vitro 1. modify specific genes and move them between organisms such as bacteria, plants, animals 2. Use in medicine, agriculture and criminal law Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) 0. 1983 by Kary Mullis with a California Biotech firm 1. Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1993 2. Amplification 3. Heat to separate 4.
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Chapter 20 Biotechnology - Chapter 20 Biotechnology...

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