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MGT 325 Personality and Values

MGT 325 Personality and Values - Victoria Johnson MGT 325...

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Victoria Johnson MGT 325 PERSONALITY Personality - The sum of total ways in which an individual reacts and interacts w/ others; measurable traits a person exhibits - Defined by the behavior you exhibit - Describes the growth & development of a person’s whole psychological system - Most often described in terms of measurable traits that a person exhibits - Gordon Allport – “The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment” - Personality traits – enduring characteristics that describe an individual’s behavior - Main personality determinants Heredity – refers to factors determined at conception - Determined by our genes - Examples: shyness, fear, aggression - Research: young children 100 sets of identical twins separated at birth 50% variation in personality accounted for by genetics ( Read in book!!! ) - The heredity approach argues that the ultimate explanation of an individual’s personality is the molecular structure of the genes, located in the chromosomes. - Three different streams of research lend some credibility to the heredity argument: The genetic underpinnings of human behavior and temperament among young children. Evidence demonstrates that traits such as shyness, fear, and distress are most likely caused by inherited genetic characteristics. One hundred sets of identical twins that were separated at birth were studied. Genetics accounts for about 50 percent of the variation in personality differences and over 30 percent of occupational and leisure interest variation. Individual job satisfaction is remarkably stable over time. This indicates that satisfaction is determined by something inherent in the person rather than by external environmental factors.
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Environment – factors that exert pressures on our personality formation - the culture in which we are raised - early conditioning - norms among our gamily - friends & social groups - Heredity sets the parameters or outer limits, but an individual’s full potential will be determined by how well he or she adjusts to the demands and requirements of the environment. Big 5 Model (OCEAN) - describes the person and how they are viewed by other people - Openness to Experience The range of interests and fascination with novelty High: original, creative, curios, complex Low: conventional, down to earth, traditional, practical - Conscientiousness A measure of reliability High: reliable, organized, self-disciplined, careful Low: easy-going, disorganized, careless, spontaneous - Extraversion Comfort level with relationships High: sociable, friendly, talkative, assertive Low: quiet, passive, reserved, introverted - Agreeableness Individual’s propensity to defer to others High: good-natured, caring, trusting, tolerant Low: competitive, critical skeptical, proud - Neuroticism (Emotional Stability) A person’s ability to withstand stress
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