Rockefeller - Authors: McGill,SaraAnn Source:...

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Authors: McGill, Sara Ann Source: John D. Rockefeller , 2005, p1-2, 2p Document Type: Biography Subject Terms: ROCKEFELLER, John D. (John Davison), 1839-1937 BIOGRAPHY STANDARD Oil Co. ANTITRUST law MONOPOLIES UNITED States -- History Abstract: Presents a biography of billionaire American industrialist John D. Rockefeller. Background; Early  business career  and the formation of the Standard  Oil company ; Controversy surrounding the  establishment of the Standard Oil Trust; Impact of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act on Rockefeller's monopoly;  Details of his philanthropic efforts during retirement. Lexile: 1170 . Early Years  Rockefeller was born on July 8, 1839, in Richford, New York, to William Avery Rockefeller and Eliza Davison. He  came from humble beginnings. His father was a farmer and sometimes con-artist, and he was also a bigamist with  several illegitimate children. Upon his marriage to Rockefeller's mother, William's ex-girlfriend and their children  moved in with the new family. In 1855, when John Rockefeller was sixteen, he was taken out of school because of the  scandalous behavior of his father. While traveling in Ontario, Canada, the forty-two year old had married a seventeen- year old girl in the town of Norwich while he was still married Rockefeller's mother. That same year, in September 26, Rockefeller found his first job in Cleveland, Ohio. He worked as a bookkeeper, a  job that paid fifty cents per day. This day was so important to Rockefeller that he celebrated the 26th for many years  to come. Unlike his father, he grew up to be a virtuous and pious young man. He abstained from smoking and  drinking, taught Sunday school at a local Baptist church and worked hard at his job.
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Building an Empire  Rockefeller's business career began when he started a company with Samuel Andrews in 1862. Andrews, an  inventor, had devised a cheap and efficient way to purify crude oil. At this time in American history, whale oil was used  to fuel lanterns, but it was expensive and hard to obtain. Meanwhile, oil had been discovered in the Midwest, and it 
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This note was uploaded on 06/10/2011 for the course HIS/125 AAFO0NDH19 taught by Professor Gunter during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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Rockefeller - Authors: McGill,SaraAnn Source:...

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