Particle And Nuclear Physics - Niels Walet

Particle And Nuclear Physics - Niels Walet - P615: Nuclear...

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Unformatted text preview: P615: Nuclear and Particle Physics Version 00.1 February 3, 2003 Niels Walet Copyright c 1999 by Niels Walet, UMIST, Manchester, U.K. 2 Contents 1 Introduction 7 2 A history of particle physics 9 2.1 Nobel prices in particle physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.2 A time line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.3 Earliest stages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.4 fission and fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.5 Low-energy nuclear physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.6 Medium-energy nuclear physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.7 high-energy nuclear physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.8 Mesons, leptons and neutrinos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.9 The sub-structure of the nucleon (QCD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.10 The W ± and Z bosons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.11 GUTS, Supersymmetry, Supergravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.12 Extraterrestrial particle physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.12.1 Balloon experiments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.12.2 Ground based systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.12.3 Dark matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.12.4 (Solar) Neutrinos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3 Experimental tools 19 3.1 Accelerators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.1.1 Resolving power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.1.2 Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.1.3 DC fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.2 Targets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.3 The main experimental facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.3.1 SLAC (B factory, Babar) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.3.2 Fermilab (D0 and CDF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.3.3 CERN (LEP and LHC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.3.4 Brookhaven (RHIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Brookhaven (RHIC) ....
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Particle And Nuclear Physics - Niels Walet - P615: Nuclear...

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