Stem_Cell_Research - Isabella Jimenez Mr Neil Hayes...

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Isabella Jimenez Mr. Neil Hayes Science-MYP4 November 28th, 2019 Word Count: 914 words Stem Cell Research Research question: - How effective is stem cells therapy, what are the side effects after stem cell therapy, and what is the ethical debate on stem cell research? Stem cell research first began in the 1960s. Researchers used the adult bone marrow, which contained the tissues that made up the white blood cells and the red blood cells. The earliest transplants were initiated fully in the 1970s in treating immunodeficiency and cancer diseases. Stem cells are created by multicellular organisms; they can create new cells through a cell division process, and they are able to grow into various specialized cell types. In modern medicine, stem cell research is believed to help in the treatment of diseases, particularly in cases of leukemia where bone marrow transplant is used. If the research continues, it is likely that a variety of diseases ranging from spinal cord injuries, Parkinson`s disease, muscle damage to cancer will be treated effectively with stem cells. Presently, stem cells are widely researched, and scientists in this field are determined to carry on with their research for cell therapy being a major goal, Notwithstanding some positive sides and benefits promised by stem cell therapy, the issue causes serious moral controversies and heated debates on its social cost in society. Throughout the last decadeslast decades, stem cell research has always been controversial
and ethically debatable. This had happened because when stem cell therapy first came to light in the 1990s scientists were extracting and using human stem cells from embryos. Many people

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