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Memory Reading 16 - Caitlin McGowan PSY 101 Section E...

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Caitlin McGowan PSY 101 – Section E Professor Williams September 26, 2010 Memory Reading 16 The general research question of interest Elizabeth Loftus wanted to prove was, when an event is recalled it is not accurately called. In her experiments, she reveals that reconstructive memory is a result of our use of new and existing information to fill in the gaps in our recall of an experience. The methodology Loftus used in her four studies was to concentrate on the power of questions containing presuppositions to alter a person’s memory of an experience or event. In her first experiment, she showed one hundred and fifty participants, broken up into small groups, a film of a car accident. After the film, the participants had to fill out a ten-question questionnaire. There were two different questions for the first question on the questionnaire. The first question had “stop sign” in the question and the second question did not. The last question was the same on both questionnaires. The question was “Did you see a stop sign for Car A?” She wanted to
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