Detergents - 1 Chapter 2 DETERGENTS CONTENTS 2.1 CURRENT...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Chapter 2 DETERGENTS CONTENTS 2.1 CURRENT REALITIES AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES ........................................................ 3 2.1.1 Current Realities ........................................................................................................................ 3 2.1.1.1 Cleaning Products............................................................................................................................................. 3 2.1.2 Future Perspectives: The Challenge ...................................................................................... 4 2.2 SURFACTANTS: CLASSIFICATION ........................................................................................ 5 2.2.1 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................... 5 2.2.2 Ionic Surfactants ........................................................................................................................... 7 2.2.2.1 Anionic Surfactants .......................................................................................................................................... 7 2.2.2.2 Cationic Surfactants ......................................................................................................................................... 21 2.2.3 AMPHOTERIC SURFACTANTS....................................................................................................... 27 2.2.4 NONIONIC SURFACTANTS............................................................................................................ 29 2.2.5 NONHYDROCARBON SPECIALTY SURFACTANTS .......................................................................... 41 2.3 SURFACE ACTIVITY ................................................................................................................... 44 2.3.1 ADSORPTION AND CMC................................................................................................................ 44 2.3.1.1 Surfactant Molecules in Aqueous Phase ......................................................................................................... 44 2.3.1.2 Interfacial Activity of Surfactant Molecules .............................................................................................. 46 2.3.1.3 Gregarious Behavior of Surfactant Molecules ............................................................................................... 55 2.3.2 Interactions With Liquid Oils ................................................................................................ 64 2.3.2.1 Reduction of Water-Oillnterfacial Tension ............................................................................................... 64 2.3.2.2 Detergency Implications .............................................................................................................................. 66 2.4 DISHWASHING WITH DETERGENTS .................................................................................. 68....
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2011 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Hatami during the Spring '11 term at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.

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Detergents - 1 Chapter 2 DETERGENTS CONTENTS 2.1 CURRENT...

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